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Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) stimulates vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation and migration by activating both MAPK and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K). Vascular smooth muscle cells(More)
Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) stimulates smooth muscle cell (SMC) proliferation, and the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway plays an important role in mediating IGF-I-induced(More)
IGF-I stimulates smooth muscle cell (SMC) migration and the phosphatidylinositol-3 (PI-3) kinase pathway plays an important role in mediating the IGF-I-induced migratory response. Prior studies have(More)
Under usual conditions, the role of IGF-I in vascular cell types is to maintain cellular protein synthesis and cell size, and even excess IGF-I does not stimulate proliferation. In pathophysiologic(More)