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Bradykinin (BK) is an endogenous peptide with diverse biological actions and is considered to be an important mediator of the inflammatory response in both the peripheral and the central nervous systems. BK has attracted recent interest as a potential mediator of K(+) conductance, Cl(-) channels, and Ca(2+)-activated K(+) channels. However, few reports have(More)
Arachidonic acid (AA) and its metabolic products are important second messengers which exert many biological actions, including modulation of various ion channels. However, the blockage of muscle Na(+) channel isoforms by AA has not been examined in detail. Here, we investigated the modulating effects of AA on muscle rNa(V)1.4 isoforms expressed in human(More)
Ion channels are known to be modulated by antidepressant drugs, but the molecular mechanisms are not known. We have shown that the antidepressant drug amoxapine suppresses rectifier outward K(+) (I(K)) currents in mouse cortical neurons. At a concentration of 10 to 500 muM, amoxapine reversibly inhibited I(K) in a dose-dependent manner and modulated both(More)
Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) may act as a neuromodulator via its associated receptors (natriuretic peptide receptors, NPRs) in the central nervous system (CNS), but few studies have reported its activity in the peripheral nervous system (PNS). In this study, we observed that BNP increased the tetraethylammonium chloride (TEA)-sensitive delayed rectifier(More)
(+)-SKF 10047 (N-allyl-normetazocine) is a prototypic and specific sigma-1 receptor agonist that has been used extensively to study the function of sigma-1 receptors. (+)-SKF 10047 inhibits K(+), Na(+) and Ca2+ channels via sigma-1 receptor activation. We found that (+)-SKF 10047 inhibited Na(V)1.2 and Na(V)1.4 channels independently of sigma-1 receptor(More)
Resveratrol (REV) is a naturally occurring phytoalexin that inhibits neuronal K⁺ channels; however, the molecular mechanisms behind the effects of REV and the relevant α-subunit are not well defined. With the use of patch-clamp technique, cultured cerebellar granule cells, and HEK-293 cells transfected with the K(v)2.1 and K(v)2.2 α-subunits, we(More)
Although the modulation of Ca(2+) channel activity by extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields (ELF-EMF) has been studied previously, few reports have addressed the effects of such fields on the activity of voltage-activated Na(+) channels (Na(v)). Here, we investigated the effects of ELF-EMF on Na(v) activity in rat cerebellar granule cells (GCs).(More)
Cyproheptadine (CPH) is a histamine- and serotonin-receptor antagonist, and its effects are observed recently in the modulation of multiple intracellular signals. In this study, we used cortical neurons and HEK-293 cells transfected with Kv2.1 α-subunit to address whether CPH modify neural voltage-gated K(+) channels by a mechanism independent of its(More)
Citalopram, a selective serotonin (5-HT) reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) as well as an antidepressant, is thought to exert its effects by increasing synaptic 5-HT levels. However, few studies have addressed the possibility that citalopram has other molecular mechanisms of action. We examined the effects of citalopram on delayed rectifier outward K(+) current(More)
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