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BACKGROUND Recent profile studies of microRNA (miRNA) expression have documented a deregulation of miRNA (miR-124) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). OBJECTIVE To determine the status of miR-124 expression and its underlying mechanisms in the pathogenesis of HCC. METHODS The expression levels of miR-124 were first examined in HCC cell lines and tumour(More)
We have previously isolated an oncogene EIF5A2 (eukaryotic initiation factor 5A2) from a frequently amplified region at 3q of a primary ovarian cancer cell line, and demonstrated its impact on prognosis in human ovarian cancer. Amplification of chromosome 3q has also been detected frequently in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), however, abnormalities of(More)
The antiviral immune responses were triggered by the innate immune recognition of viral infection. The type I IFNs (IFN-beta and IFN-alpha) are the key cytokines produced upon viral infection and consequently link innate immunity with adaptive immunity. A main antiviral system in mammals is TRIF-dependent TLRs pathway, but the TRIF-independent RIG-I(More)
Bleeding in acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) is mainly associated with disseminated intravascular coagulation and hyperfibrinolysis. Annexin II (Ann II) is a co-receptor for plasminogen and tissue plasminogen activator (tPA). This study demonstrates that abnormally high levels of Ann II expression in APL cells increase the production of plasmin.(More)
Hypermethylation of promoter CpG islands is a common epigenetic event in a variety of human cancers. The aim of this study was to investigate whether promoter hypermethylation of cancer-related genes is involved in the development and progression of meningiomas. The methylation status at the promoter region of 10 cancer-related genes was examined by(More)
It is recognized that expression of AQP4 protein is much greater in gliomas than in normal tissue. The relationship between AQP4 and glioma-associated brain edema is affected by osmotic pressure and hypoxia. In this study, we detected changes of AQP4 expression in tumor and peritumoral edematous tissues to analyze the relationship between AQP4 protein and(More)
Consistent with the goals of a comprehensive carbohydrate sequencing strategy, we extend earlier reports to include the characterization of structural (constitutional) isomers. Protocols were developed around ion trap instrumentation providing sequential mass spectrometry (MSn) and supported with automation and related computational tools. These strategies(More)
ADAM33 (a disintegrin and metalloproteinase) is an asthma susceptibility gene recently identified through a genetic study of asthmatic families (van Eerdewegh et al. (2002) Nature 418, 426-430). In order to characterize the catalytic properties of ADAM33, the metalloproteinase domain of human ADAM33 was expressed in Drosophila S2 cells and purified. The(More)
Previous investigations on Chinese mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) variation revealed that the matrilineal gene pool of southern Han Chinese is rather complex, with much higher genetic diversity and more basal/ancient lineages than the northern Hans. The extreme case is Guangdong Han populations, among which pronounced (matrilineal) differentiation has been(More)
Dectin-1 functions as a pattern recognition receptor for sensing fungal infection. It has been well-established that Dectin-1 induces innate immune responses through caspase recruitment domain-containing protein 9 (CARD9)-mediated NF-κB activation. In this study, we find that CARD9 is dispensable for NF-κB activation induced by Dectin-1 ligands, such as(More)