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— Advances in the chip fabrication technology have begun to make manufacturing 3D chips a reality. For 3D designs to achieve their full potential, it is imperative to develop effective physical design strategies that handle the complexities and new objectives specific to 3D designs. We present two frameworks of placement and routing techniques, for 3D FPGA(More)
Rab5 and rab7 proteins belong to a superfamily of small molecular weight GTPases known to be associated with early and late endosomes, respectively. The rab5 protein plays an important regulatory role in early endocytosis, yet the function of rab7 protein was previously uncharacterized. This question was addressed by comparing the kinetics of vesicular(More)
Ion channels regulate membrane excitation, and mutations of ion channels often cause serious neurological disorders including epilepsy. Compared with extensive analyses of channel protein structure and function, much less is known about the fine tuning of channel activity by post-translational modification. Here we report that the large conductance, Ca(2+)-(More)
Stable BHK cell lines inducibly expressing wild-type or dominant negative mutant forms of the rab7 GTPase were isolated and used to analyze the role of a rab7-regulated pathway in lysosome biogenesis. Expression of mutant rab7N125I protein induced a dramatic redistribution of cation-independent mannose 6-phosphate receptor (CI-MPR) from its normal(More)
In this paper, we consider general two-way relay networks (TWRNs) with two source and N relay nodes. A distributed differential space time coding with analog network coding (DDSTC-ANC) scheme is proposed. A simple blind estimation and a differential signal detector are developed to recover the desired signal at each source. The pairwise error probability(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to investigate whether genetic variants could influence the antidiabetic efficacy of gliclazide in type 2 diabetic patients. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS A total of 1,268 type 2 diabetic patients whose diabetes was diagnosed within the past 5 years and who had no recent hypoglycemic treatment were enrolled from 23(More)
Fixed-die floorplanning is an important problem in the modern physical design process. An effective floorplanning algorithm is crucial to improving both the quality and the time-to-market of the design. In this paper, we present an analytical floorplanning algorithm that can be used to efficiently pack soft modules into a fixed die. The locations and sizing(More)
Axon degeneration is an active program of self-destruction observed in many physiological and pathological settings. There are three Nicotinamide mononucleotide adenylyl transferase (Nmnat, EC2.7.7.1) in mammals. Overexpression of Nmnat1 or Nmnat3 can delay axon degeneration, while the role of Nmnat2 in axon degeneration remains largely unknown. Here we(More)
Memory loss, synaptic dysfunction, and accumulation of amyloid beta-peptides (A beta) are major hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Downregulation of the nitric oxide/cGMP/cGMP-dependent protein kinase/c-AMP responsive element-binding protein (CREB) cascade has been linked to the synaptic deficits after A beta elevation. Here, we report that the(More)