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Wrist fracture is not only one of the most common osteoporotic fractures but also a predictor of future fractures at other sites. Wrist bone mineral density (BMD) is an important determinant of wrist fracture risk, with high heritability. Specific genes underlying wrist BMD variation are largely unknown. Most published genome-wide association studies(More)
UNLABELLED To manage high-throughput single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotyping data efficiently, we developed a dynamic general database management system-SNPP (SNP Processor). It provides several functions, including data importing with comparison, Mendelian inheritance check within pedigrees, data compiling and exporting. Furthermore, SNPP may(More)
CONTEXT Obesity is a growing health care problem worldwide and is a major underlying risk factor for common diseases such as diabetes. Parent-of-origin effect has been reported to be involved in the development of obesity. But the genes with imprinting effects related to obesity are largely unknown. OBJECTIVE The objective of the study was to identify(More)
Cigarette smoking is the leading preventable cause of death in the United States. Although smoking behavior has a significant genetic determination, the specific genes and associated mechanisms underlying the smoking behavior are largely unknown. Here, we carried out a genome-wide association study on smoking behavior in 840 Caucasians, including 417 males(More)
BACKGROUND The low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 5 (LRP5) gene, essential for glucose and cholesterol metabolism, may have a role in the aetiology of obesity, an important risk factor for diabetes. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS To investigate the association between LRP5 polymorphisms and obesity, 27 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs),(More)
Osteoporosis, the most prevalent metabolic bone disease among older people, increases risk for low trauma hip fractures (HF) that are associated with high morbidity and mortality. Hip bone size (BS) has been identified as one of the key measurable risk factors for HF. Although hip BS is highly genetically determined, genetic factors underlying the trait are(More)
For females, menarche is a most significant physiological event. Age at menarche (AAM) is a trait with high genetic determination and is associated with major complex diseases in women. However, specific genes for AAM variation are largely unknown. To identify genetic factors underlying AAM variation, a genome-wide association study (GWAS) examining about(More)
BACKGROUND Recently introduced pathway-based approach is promising and advantageous to improve the efficiency of analyzing genome-wide association scan (GWAS) data to identify disease variants by jointly considering variants of the genes that belong to the same biological pathway. However, the current available pathway-based approaches for analyzing GWAS(More)
Osteoporosis is a major public health problem. It is mainly characterized by low bone mineral density (BMD) and/or low-trauma osteoporotic fractures (OF), both of which have strong genetic determination. The specific genes influencing these phenotypic traits, however, are largely unknown. Using the Affymetrix 500K array set, we performed a case-control(More)
Poor femoral neck bone geometry at the femur is an important risk factor for hip fracture. We conducted a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of femoral neck bone geometry, examining approximately 379,000 eligible single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 1000 Caucasians. A common genetic variant, rs7430431 in the receptor transporting protein 3 (RTP3)(More)