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This chapter presents current methods for mapping quantitative trait loci (QTLs) in natural populations especially in humans. We discussed the experimental designs for QTL mapping, traditional methods adopted such as linkage mapping approaches and methods for linkage disequilibrium (LD) mapping. Multiple traits and interaction analysis are also outlined.(More)
For females, menarche is a most significant physiological event. Age at menarche (AAM) is a trait with high genetic determination and is associated with major complex diseases in women. However, specific genes for AAM variation are largely unknown. To identify genetic factors underlying AAM variation, a genome-wide association study (GWAS) examining about(More)
Aiming to identify novel genetic variants and to confirm previously identified genetic variants associated with bone mineral density (BMD), we conducted a three-stage genome-wide association (GWA) meta-analysis in 27 061 study subjects. Stage 1 meta-analyzed seven GWA samples and 11 140 subjects for BMDs at the lumbar spine, hip and femoral neck, followed(More)
To identify and validate genes associated with bone mineral density (BMD), which is a prominent osteoporosis risk factor, we tested 379,319 SNPs in 1000 unrelated white U.S. subjects for associations with BMD. For replication, we genotyped the most significant SNPs in 593 white U.S. families (1972 subjects), a Chinese hip fracture (HF) sample (350 cases,(More)
UNLABELLED Many "novel" osteoporosis candidate genes have been proposed in recent years. To advance our knowledge of their roles in osteoporosis, we screened 20 such genes using a set of high-density SNPs in a large family-based study. Our efforts led to the prioritization of those osteoporosis genes and the detection of gene-gene interactions. (More)
CONTEXT Age at menarche (AAM) is an important anthropological variable that has major implications for a woman's health later in life. Genetic influence has been shown to contribute greatly to AAM, but the specific genetic determinants are largely unknown. OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to identify the quantitative trait loci (QTL) underlying(More)
Wrist fracture is not only one of the most common osteoporotic fractures but also a predictor of future fractures at other sites. Wrist bone mineral density (BMD) is an important determinant of wrist fracture risk, with high heritability. Specific genes underlying wrist BMD variation are largely unknown. Most published genome-wide association studies(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Recent data suggest that current obesity diagnostic criterion based on body mass index (BMI) above 30 in Caucasians may not be appropriate for Asian populations. Our aim was to identify the usefulness of BMI, waist circumference (WC) and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) in screening for obesity in an Asian population. METHODS A cross-sectional(More)
Variation in age at menarche (AAM) is known to be substantially influenced by genetic factors, but the true causal genes remain largely unidentified. Because the increased amplitude of estrogen exposure of tissues initiates the onset of menarche, the genes involved in estrogen biosynthesis are natural candidate genes underlying AAM. Our study aimed to(More)
UNLABELLED To manage high-throughput single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotyping data efficiently, we developed a dynamic general database management system-SNPP (SNP Processor). It provides several functions, including data importing with comparison, Mendelian inheritance check within pedigrees, data compiling and exporting. Furthermore, SNPP may(More)