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UNLABELLED PET with [(11)C]-(R)-PK11195 is currently the modality of choice for the in vivo imaging of microglial activation in the human brain. In this work we devised a supervised clustering procedure and a new quantification methodology capable of producing binding potential (BP) estimates quantitatively comparable with those derived from plasma input(More)
Defects in natural killer (NK) cell function are necessary for tumor immune escape, but the underlying regulatory mechanisms in human cancers remain largely unknown. Here we show that fibroblasts derived from hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) were significantly superior to foreskin-derived fibroblasts at inducing NK cell dysfunction, which is characterized by(More)
[(11)C]-(R)-PK11195 is presently the most widely used radiotracer for the monitoring of microglia activity in the central nervous system (CNS). Microglia, the resident immune cells of the brain, play a critical role in acute and chronic diseases of the central nervous system and in host defence against neoplasia. The purpose of this investigation was to(More)
Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) are reported to support tumorigenesis by stimulating angiogenesis, cancer cell proliferation, and invasion in most solid tumors. However, the roles of CAFs in the liver cancer microenvironment have not been thoroughly studied. In our previous study, we successfully isolated CAFs from hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)(More)
Oncolytic adenoviruses may offer a new treatment option and improve the prognosis for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the antitumor efficacy of oncolytic adenoviruses on HCC cells is compromised due to low expression of the adenovirus serotype 5 (Ad5) receptor on the target cells. In this study we showed that all HCC cell lines and(More)
The mechanisms responsible for the inhibitory effects of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) on dendritic cells (DCs) are still poorly understood. Our investigation of the potential signaling pathways revealed for the first time that human umbilical-cord-derived MSCs (UC-MSCs) instruct DCs to acquire tolerogenic phenotypes through the IL-6-mediated upregulation(More)
BACKGROUND Primary graft dysfunction or nonfunction after liver transplantation, which is usually caused by ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI), is a serious clinical problem. Although bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have shown great potential in cell therapy for IRI in several organs, the mechanism(s) by which MSCs offer protection is unclear. (More)
Poison ivy-induced allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) is the most common environmental allergic condition in the United States. Case numbers of poison ivy ACD are increasing due to growing biomass and geographical expansion of poison ivy and increasing content of the allergen, urushiol, likely attributable to rising atmospheric CO2 Severe and(More)
Mature microRNA (miRNA) 34a-5p, which is a well-known tumor suppressor in hepatitis virus-associated hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), plays an important role in cell processes, such as cell proliferation and apoptosis, and is therefore an optimal biomarker for future clinical use. However, the role of miRNA-34a-5p in chemoresistance has yet to be identified.(More)
Substantial evidence indicates that cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) are critical components in the process of cancer progression. However, the role of CAFs in the immunopathogenesis of human cancer remains elusive. In this study, we demonstrate that purified colorectal carcinoma-derived fibroblasts exhibit activated phenotypes characterized by(More)