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Diversity and plasticity are two hallmarks of macrophages. M1 macrophages (classically activated macrophages) are pro-inflammatory and have a central role in host defense against infection, while M2 macrophages (alternatively activated macrophages) are associated with responses to anti-inflammatory reactions and tissue remodeling, and they represent two(More)
Cellular immunosuppression appears to be involved in sepsis and sepsis-induced multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS). Recent evidence showed that parenteral vitamin C (Vit C) had the ability to attenuate sepsis and sepsis-induced MODS. Herein, we investigated the impact of parenteral Vit C on cellular immunosuppression and the therapeutic value in(More)
Xuebijing (XBJ) injection, a concoction of several Chinese herbs, has been widely used as an immunomodulator for the treatment of severe sepsis in China. However, the precise mechanisms responsible for its efficacy have not been fully elucidated. In our study, we determined the flow cytometry markers (F4/80, CD11c, and CD206), the levels of secreted(More)
Sialic acid-binding immunoglobulin-type lectins (Siglecs) are a group of cell surface transmembrane receptors expressed on immune cells, and regulate immune balance in inflammatory diseases. Sepsis is a life-threatened inflammatory syndrome induced by infection, and the pathogenesis of sepsis includes immune dysregulation, inflammation, and coagulation(More)
Sepsis is a lethal syndrome with a high incidence and a weighty economy burden. The pathophysiology of sepsis includes inflammation, immune dysfunction, and dysfunction of coagulation, while sepsis-induced cardiomyopathy (SIC), defined as a global but reversible dysfunction of both sides of the heart induced by sepsis, plays a significant role in all of the(More)
Our previous research showed that neuropilin (Nrp) -1highCD4+CD25+Regulatory T cells (Tregs) exhibited primary negative immunoregulation in sepsis induced immune dysfunction. Tuftsin is the typical ligand of Nrp-1. Herein, we investigated the potential therapeutic value and mechanisms of tuftsin in sepsis. Sepsis per se markedly decreased the serum(More)
To explore the influence of raising oxygen (dissolved oxygen) content on function of platelet concentrate, the platelet concentrate was prepared by a CS-3000 plus blood cell separator. Experiments were divided into 2 groups: test group and control group. After raising oxygen content in platelet plasma under sterile operation, the platelet samples of two(More)
Regulatory T cells (Tregs) appear to be involved in sepsis-induced immune dysfunction; neuropilin-1 (Nrp-1) was identified as a surface marker for CD4(+)CD25(+)Tregs. In the current study, we investigated the negative immunoregulation of Nrp-1(high)CD4(+)CD25(+)Tregs and the potential therapeutic value of Nrp-1 in sepsis. Splenic CD4(+)CD25(+)Tregs from(More)
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