Learn More
Directional transport of the phytohormone auxin is established primarily at the point of cellular efflux and is required for the establishment and maintenance of plant polarity. Studies in whole plants and heterologous systems indicate that PIN-FORMED (PIN) and P-glycoprotein (PGP) transport proteins mediate the cellular efflux of natural and synthetic(More)
Neuroimaging and neuropsychological data from Thompson-Schill and colleagues (Thompson-Schill, D'Esposito, Aguirre, and Farah, 1997; Thompson-Schill et al., 1998) showed that in the verb generation task, the left inferior frontal gyrus (left IFG) was more involved in a high-selection condition, in which the noun had two verb responses of equal association(More)
BACKGROUND There is much uncertainty about the effects of early lowering of elevated blood pressure (BP) after acute intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH). Our aim was to assess the safety and efficiency of this treatment, as a run-in phase to a larger trial. METHODS Patients who had acute spontaneous ICH diagnosed by CT within 6 h of onset, elevated systolic(More)
ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters have been implicated in a multitude of biological pathways. In plants, some ABC transporters are involved in the polar transport of the plant hormone auxin and the gravitropic response. We previously identified Gravacin as a potent inhibitor of gravitropism in Arabidopsis thaliana. We demonstrate that P-glycoprotein19(More)
PURPOSE Globally, adolescent women are at risk for gender-based violence (GBV) including sexual violence and intimate partner violence (IPV). Those in economically distressed settings are considered uniquely vulnerable. METHODS Female adolescents aged 15-19 from Baltimore, Maryland, USA; New Delhi, India; Ibadan, Nigeria; Johannesburg, South Africa; and(More)
Root system architecture depends on lateral root (LR) initiation that takes place in a relatively narrow developmental window (DW). Here, we analyzed the role of auxin gradients established along the parent root in defining this DW for LR initiation. Correlations between auxin distribution and response, and spatiotemporal control of LR initiation were(More)
BACKGROUND Most patients who have had a stroke are given aspirin; however, aspirin-related cerebral haemorrhage is a complication that is currently of concern, particularly in China where there is a high incidence of cerebral haemorrhage in secondary prevention programmes and within the community. Cilostazol, a phosphodiesterase 3 (PDE3) inhibitor, is an(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine viral evolutionary changes and their relationship to hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) seroconversion. DESIGN A matched case-control study of HBeAg seroconverters (n = 8) and non-seroconverters (n = 7) with adequate stored sera before seroconversion was performed. Nested PCR, cloning and sequencing of hepatitis B virus (HBV) precore/core(More)
To understand the role of miRNAs in the molecular mechanisms of temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE), we investigated the changes in microRNA (miRNA) expression profiles of chronic TLE rat models. MiRNAs microarray analysis results showed that 125 miRNAs were detected in the hippocampus of lithium-pilocarpine-induced TLE rats and normal rats. Compared with normal(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Although viral quasi-species evolution may be related to pathogenesis of disease, little is known about this in hepatitis B virus (HBV); consequently, we aimed to evaluate the evolution of HBV quasi-species in patients with well-characterized clinical phenotypes of chronic hepatitis B. METHODS Four cohorts of well-defined clinical(More)