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A sudden outbreak of lameness related to transport stress is described in a flock of male breeding turkeys. Most of the affected turkeys exhibited obvious unilateral leg disorders. All were affected with tibial or metatarsal dyschondroplasia with at least one lesion associated with a large focus of necrosis. By histological examinations, bone lesions showed(More)
Human adipose tissue-derived stem cells (hATSC) have been contemplated as reparative cells for cartilage engineering. Chondrogenic differentiation of hATSC can be induced by an enriched culture medium and a three-dimensional environment. Given that bone is vascularized and cartilage is not, oxygen tension has been suggested as a regulatory factor for(More)
Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is a mosquito-borne alphavirus that induces in humans a disease characterized by fever, rash, and pain in muscles and joints. The recent emergence or reemergence of CHIKV in the Indian Ocean Islands and India has stressed the need to better understand the pathogenesis of this disease. Previous CHIKV disease models have used young(More)
OBJECTIVE A defect of the lysosomal enzyme alpha-L-iduronidase (IDUA) interrupts the degradation of glycosaminoglycans in mucopolysaccharidosis type I, causing severe neurological manifestations in children with Hurler's syndrome. Delivery of the missing enzyme through stereotactic injection of adeno-associated virus vectors coding for IDUA prevents(More)
Whereas increasing evidence suggests that inorganic phosphate (Pi) may act as a signaling molecule in mineralization-competent cells, its mechanisms of action remain largely unknown. The aims of the present work were to determine whether Pi regulates expression of matrix Gla protein (MGP), a mineralization inhibitor, in growth plate chondrocytes and to(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the infectious status of semen and genital tract tissues from male goat naturally infected with the caprine lentivirus. Firstly, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to detect the presence of CAEV proviral-DNA in the circulating mononuclear cells, semen (spermatozoa and non-spermatic cells), and genital tract(More)
Recombinant adeno-associated virus (rAAV) is produced by transfecting cells with two constructs: the rAAV vector plasmid and the rep-cap plasmid. After subsequent adenoviral infection, needed for rAAV replication and assembly, the virus is purified from total cell lysates through CsCl gradients. Because this is a long and complex procedure, the precise(More)
Previous studies on distribution and toxicity of viral vectors administered in monkeys indicated that the nonhuman primate model has a reasonable predictive value for clinical applications. In this study, eight macaques were injected intramuscularly with recombinant adeno-associated virus (rAAV) at doses similar to those administered to hemophilia B(More)
We developed a drug-free regional intravenous (RI) delivery protocol of recombinant adeno-associated virus (rAAV) 1 and 8 to an entire limb in the nonhuman primate (NHP), and compared the results with those produced by intramuscular (IM) delivery of the same dose of vector. We show that RI delivery of both serotypes was remarkably well tolerated with no(More)
Golden retriever muscular dystrophy (GRMD), a degenerative myopathy due to the absence of dystrophin, is genetically homologous to human Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). Spontaneous death of GRMD neonates within the first 2 weeks of life occurs frequently. This report describes the microscopical muscle lesions that developed in 12 GRMD puppies aged 1-8(More)