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A sudden outbreak of lameness related to transport stress is described in a flock of male breeding turkeys. Most of the affected turkeys exhibited obvious unilateral leg disorders. All were affected with tibial or metatarsal dyschondroplasia with at least one lesion associated with a large focus of necrosis. By histological examinations, bone lesions showed(More)
Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is a mosquito-borne alphavirus that induces in humans a disease characterized by fever, rash, and pain in muscles and joints. The recent emergence or reemergence of CHIKV in the Indian Ocean Islands and India has stressed the need to better understand the pathogenesis of this disease. Previous CHIKV disease models have used young(More)
Human adipose tissue-derived stem cells (hATSC) have been contemplated as reparative cells for cartilage engineering. Chondrogenic differentiation of hATSC can be induced by an enriched culture medium and a three-dimensional environment. Given that bone is vascularized and cartilage is not, oxygen tension has been suggested as a regulatory factor for(More)
We developed a drug-free regional intravenous (RI) delivery protocol of recombinant adeno-associated virus (rAAV) 1 and 8 to an entire limb in the nonhuman primate (NHP), and compared the results with those produced by intramuscular (IM) delivery of the same dose of vector. We show that RI delivery of both serotypes was remarkably well tolerated with no(More)
Golden retriever muscular dystrophy (GRMD), a degenerative myopathy due to the absence of dystrophin, is genetically homologous to human Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). Spontaneous death of GRMD neonates within the first 2 weeks of life occurs frequently. This report describes the microscopical muscle lesions that developed in 12 GRMD puppies aged 1-8(More)
beta-Dystroglycan is the central member of a transmembrane protein complex of the skeletal muscle plasma membrane. Since it was not detected in dystrophin-deficient skeletal muscles, a disruption of the complex was thought to be involved in the dystrophic process. We report here that beta-dystroglycan is actually present at normal levels in mdx mouse muscle(More)
We previously documented persistent regulation of erythropoietin (Epo) secretion in mice after a single intramuscular (i.m.) injection of a recombinant adeno-associated virus (rAAV) vector harboring both the tetracycline-dependent transactivator (rtTA) and the Epo cDNA (D. Bohl, A. Salvetti, P. Moullier, and J. M. Heard, Blood 92:1512-1517, 1998). Using the(More)
Histological examinations were carried out on the stomach, pyloric caeca and 4 different parts of the intestine, as well as the rectum, hepatopancreas, gall bladder and spleen of 52 sea bream Sparus aurata spontaneously infected by Enteromyxum leei. Fifteen fish from a non-infected farm were included as a control. Clinical signs appeared only in extensively(More)
A deletion of about 20 amino acids in the stalk of the neuraminidase (NA) is frequently detected upon transmission of influenza A viruses from waterfowl to domestic poultry. Using reverse genetics, a recombinant virus derived from a wild duck influenza virus isolate, A/Mallard/Marquenterre/Z237/83 (MZ), and an NA stalk deletion variant (MZ-delNA) were(More)
Previous studies on distribution and toxicity of viral vectors administered in monkeys indicated that the nonhuman primate model has a reasonable predictive value for clinical applications. In this study, eight macaques were injected intramuscularly with recombinant adeno-associated virus (rAAV) at doses similar to those administered to hemophilia B(More)