Yan Chérel

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OBJECTIVE A defect of the lysosomal enzyme alpha-L-iduronidase (IDUA) interrupts the degradation of glycosaminoglycans in mucopolysaccharidosis type I, causing severe neurological manifestations in children with Hurler's syndrome. Delivery of the missing enzyme through stereotactic injection of adeno-associated virus vectors coding for IDUA prevents(More)
Due to the abundance of muscle, intravascular administration seems required for efficient gene or cell therapy of muscular dystrophy. Here, we examined the skeletal muscle microvasculature to assess if it is altered with dystrophin deficiency. Image analysis of capillaries was performed in three muscles of one- to ten-month-old golden retriever muscular(More)
Intracerebral administration of recombinant adeno-associated vector (AAV) has been performed in several clinical trials. However, delivery into the brain requires multiple injections and is not efficient to target the spinal cord, thus limiting its applications. To assess widespread and less invasive strategies, we tested intravenous (IV) or intrathecal(More)
OBJECTIVES The goals of the current study were (i) to introduce texture analysis on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI-TA) as a noninvasive method of muscle investigation that can discriminate three muscle conditions in rats; these are normal, atrophy and regeneration; and (ii) to show consistency between MRI-TA results and histological results of muscle type(More)
Recombinant adeno-associated virus (rAAV) vectors are among the most efficient gene delivery vehicles for gene transfer to the retina. This study evaluates the behavior of the rAAV8 serotype vector with regard to intraocular delivery in rats and dogs. Subretinal delivery of an AAV2/8.gfp vector results in efficient gene transfer in the retinal pigment(More)
A few animal models of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) are available, large ones such as pigs or dogs being expensive and difficult to handle. Mdx (X-linked muscular dystrophy) mice only partially mimic the human disease, with limited chronic muscular lesions and muscle weakness. Their small size also imposes limitations on analyses. A rat model could(More)
On the basis of previous studies suggesting that vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) could protect motor neurons from degeneration, adeno-associated virus vectors (serotypes 1 and 9) encoding VEGF (AAV.vegf) were administered in a limb-expression 1 (LIX1)-deficient cat-a large animal model of lower motor neuron disease-using three different delivery(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the RPGRIP1-deficient miniature longhaired dachshund (MLHD) dog as a potential candidate for gene therapy. METHODS Six RPGRIP1-deficient MLHD dogs from our dog colony have been observed for two years using a variety of noninvasive procedures. These included bilateral full-field electroretinograms (ERG) to evaluate retinal function,(More)
Metachromatic leukodystrophy (MLD) is a lethal neurodegenerative disease caused by a deficiency in the lysosomal arylsulfatase A (ARSA) enzyme leading to the accumulation of sulfatides in glial and neuronal cells. We previously demonstrated in ARSA-deficient mice that intracerebral injection of a serotype 5 adeno-associated vector (AAV) encoding human ARSA(More)
We delivered the homologous erythropoietin (Epo) cDNA driven from a doxycycline-regulated promoter via recombinant adeno-associated virus in skeletal muscle of 9 cynomolgus macaques. Upon induction, rapid supraphysiologic levels of Epo were obtained. Unexpectedly, some individuals developed a profound anemia that correlated with the appearance of(More)