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PURPOSE To investigate the role of intestinal breast cancer resistant protein (BCRP) in the absorption and disposition of topotecan (TPT) using novobiocin (NOV) as a specific inhibitor. METHODS Transporter inhibition specificity of NOV was assessed in cells overexpressing BCRP or Pgp. Sprague-Dawley rats were orally or intravenously dosed with TPT (2 and(More)
The neuropeptide galanin (GAL) is up-regulated following neuronal axotomy or inflammation. Since other neuropeptides act as immunomodulatory agents, we sought to determine whether GAL might affect the murine microglial cell line BV2, which expresses the GAL2 receptor. Even at very low concentrations, GAL inhibited tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF alpha)(More)
The application of modeling and simulation techniques is increasingly common in preclinical stages of the drug discovery and development process. A survey focusing on preclinical pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamics (PK/PD) analysis was conducted across pharmaceutical companies that are members of the International Consortium for Quality and Innovation in(More)
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