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Photosensitizer, protoporphyrin IX (PpIX), was conjugated with Au nanoparticles (Au NPs) of 19, 66, and 106 nm diameter to study the size-dependent enhancement of reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation enabled by Au NPs. The ROS enhancement ratio is determined to be 1:2.56:4.72 in order of increasing Au NP size, in general agreement with theoretically(More)
To reveal molecular mechanisms of the interaction between Ni2+ and cells, cDNA microarray technology and GenMAPP analysis were utilized to investigate changes of gene expression profile and identify significant biological pathways in mouse fibroblast cells (L-929) treated by 100 microm Ni2+ for 12, 24, 48 and 72 h, respectively. The microarray data was(More)
Gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) with opposite surface charge can form aggregates through electrostatic interaction and exhibit surface plasmon resonance (SPR) induced-localized electromagnetic (EM) field enhancement under light irradiation. Intracellular aggregation of Au NPs can further improve the therapeutic efficiency of Au NP-enhanced photodynamic therapy(More)
In order to investigate the molecular effects of gold nanoparticles (GNPs) and cell interaction, after human dermal fibroblasts-fetal (HDF-f) treated with GNPs for 1, 4 and 8 h, the cytotoxicity was evaluated with methylthiazoltetrazolium (MTT) assay. Flow cytometry experiment was used to assess effects of GNPs on cell cycle and apoptosis. Differentially(More)
In recognition of the limitations of monolayer cell cultures and resource-intensive animal studies, a microfluidic culture system was developed for creation of physiologically relevant three-dimensional (3D) tissues. In this study, an in vitro 3D breast cancer tissue model was established in a microfluidic system with human breast cancer cells (MCF-7) and(More)
A layer-by-layer (LbL) assembly strategy was used to incorporate high concentrations of Al(III) phthalocyanine chloride tetrasulfonic acid (AlPcS4) photosensitizer (PS) onto plasmonic Au nanorings (Au NRs) for increasing the cellular uptake of AlPcS4 and subsequently enhancing the efficacy of photodynamic therapy (PDT) of human breast cancer cells(More)
AIM The authors aimed to further improve the efficiency and selectivity of gold nanoparticle (Au NP)-assisted photodynamic therapy by modulating the surface charge of Au NPs and delivering Au NPs particularly to mitochondria of breast cancer cells. METHODS Solid gold nanospheres (˜50 nm) with negative and positive surface charge were synthesized(More)
The aim of this study is to investigate the mechanism of the effects of gold nanoparticles (GNPs) on human dermal fibroblasts (HDFs) at the microRNA level. First, 20-nm GNPs were synthesized and their effect on HDF proliferation was assayed. SOLiD sequencing technology was then utilized to obtain the microRNA expression profile after GNP treatment. The(More)
Breast cancer, the most common type of cancer among women in the western world, affects approximately one out of every eight women over their lifetime. In recognition of the high invasiveness of surgical excision and severe side effects of chemical and radiation therapies, increasing efforts are made to seek minimally invasive modalities with fewer side(More)
This paper investigates visual servoing stabilization of nonholonomic moving robots with unknown camera parameters. Based on the visual servoing feedback and the common chained form of type (1,2) robot, we obtain a new kind of uncertain model of nonholonomic kinemetic system firstly. Then a time varying feedback controller is proposed for exponentially(More)