Yamila Carpio

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Epithelial cells are equipped with junctional complexes that are involved in maintaining tissue architecture, providing mechanical integrity and suppressing tumour formation as well as invasiveness. A strict spatial segregation of these junctional complexes leads to the polarisation of epithelial cells. In vertebrate epithelia, basally localised(More)
Myostatin is a member of the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) family that functions as a negative regulator of skeletal muscle development and growth. Recently, it has been reported that the transgenic zebrafish expressing myostatin prodomain exhibited an increased number of fiber in skeletal muscle. Other novel results suggest that myostatin(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is a free radical gas involved in a variety of physiological processes in invertebrates, such as neuromodulation, muscle contraction and host defense. Surprisingly, little is known about the involvement of NO synthase (NOS) in the immune system of crustaceans. This work is focused on the study of the NOS gene of the spiny lobster Panulirus(More)
Sea lice (Copepoda, Caligidae) are the most widely distributed marine pathogens in the salmon industry in the last 30 years. Caligus rogercresseyi is the most important species affecting Chile's salmon industry. Vaccines against caligid copepods have the potential to be a cost-effective means of controlling the infestation and avoid many of the(More)
Myostatin is a TGF-beta family member that plays a key role in regulating skeletal muscle growth. Previous studies in mammals have demonstrated that myostatin is capable of binding the two activin type II receptors. Additionally, activin type II receptors have been shown to be capable of binding a number of other TGF-beta family members besides myostatin.(More)
Neuropeptide Y, a 36 amino acid peptide abundantly expressed in the brain, is the most potent orexigenic factor known to date in mammals. It has been shown to be one of the most conserved neuropeptides in vertebrate evolution. It seems that neuropeptide Y functions, in addition to sequence conservation, are also well conserved in fish. In the present study,(More)
Modern vaccines based on purified recombinant antigens have improved their safety; however they induce a suboptimal immune response without the help of adjuvants. Consequently, the development of new adjuvants to enhance the immunogenicity of purified subunit antigens and modulate resulting immune responses is of great interest. In the present study, we(More)
There are several studies that clearly indicate a close bidirectional communication between the neuroendocrine and immune systems. In this sense, hypothalamic releasing hormones, besides their neuroendocrine role, have been shown to influence immune functions. Despite studies developed in mammals, there is, as yet, no information available about the role of(More)
To date, published in-vivo studies on the action of the PACAP in fish are few and these are concerned with reproduction, brain development and feeding behavior. Recently, we demonstrated for the first time that PACAP, apart from its neuroendocrine role, influences immune functions in fish larvae. In this work, we have evaluated the effects of recombinant(More)
It was recently discovered that double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) was a potent and specific inhibitor of gene transcription in the Caenorhabditis elegans nematode. Similar results have been reported in Drosophila melanogaster, planaria, mice, zebrafish, among other species. The interfering RNA (RNAi) phenomena occurs when a dsRNA is processed by a protein(More)