Yamato Kubota

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Endogenous fluorescence signals derived from mitochondria reflect activity-dependent changes in brain metabolism and may be exploited in functional brain imaging. Endogenous flavoprotein fluorescence imaging in mice is especially important because many genetically manipulated strains of mice are available and the transparent skull of mice allows(More)
Functional brain imaging using endogenous fluorescence of mitochondrial flavoprotein is useful for investigating mouse cortical activities via the intact skull, which is thin and sufficiently transparent in mice. We applied this method to investigate auditory cortical plasticity regulated by acoustic environments. Normal mice of the C57BL/6 strain, reared(More)
Species-specific vocalizations in mice have frequency-modulated (FM) components slower than the lower limit of FM direction selectivity in the core region of the mouse auditory cortex. To identify cortical areas selective to slow frequency modulation, we investigated tonal responses in the mouse auditory cortex using transcranial flavoprotein fluorescence(More)
Flavoprotein fluorescence in the brain is intimately coupled with neuronal aerobic energy metabolism. If flavoproteins are photobleached, neural activities may be affected owing to dysfunction in aerobic energy metabolism in mitochondria. We tested this possibility in cortical slices from mice, and found that exposure to blue light (lambda = 475 nm) derived(More)
OBJECTIVES In this report, we present a male patient with no family history of hearing loss, in whom we identified a novel de novo mutation in the POU3F4 gene. METHODS One hundred ninety-four (194) Japanese subjects from unrelated and nonconsanguineous families were enrolled in this study. We used targeted genomic enrichment and massively parallel(More)
Cortical responses after sound discrimination learning were investigated using transcranial flavoprotein fluorescence imaging in mice. Water-deprived mice were trained to discriminate between rewarded (S+) and unrewarded (S-) sound stimuli. After the learning, they were anesthetized, and cortical responses to S+ and S- were recorded in the right auditory(More)
HYPOTHESIS The temporal bone shows regional differences in bone development. BACKGROUND The spreading pattern of acute mastoiditis shows age-related differences. In infants, it spreads laterally and causes retroauricular swelling, whereas in older children, it tends to spread medially and causes intracranial complications. We hypothesized that bone(More)
A 62-year-old woman, who had dysesthesia in the throat, and polyposia the previous year, was admitted in a coma because of respiratory failure. Computed tomography scans demonstrated dilatation of the esophagus and stenosis of the trachea. After emergency intubation, extubation was not possible due to a collapsed trachea, so we performed a tracheostomy. The(More)