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The principles of tissue engineering are being used to explore numerous applications in reconstructive surgery. Mitral valve chordae are one such potential area, as mitral valve repair is increasing in popularity and synthetic materials have not been used widely. The use of cells, combined with reconstituted type I collagen, is an attractive option for(More)
Neuronal oxidative stress (OS) injury has been proven to be associated with many neurodegenerative diseases, and thus, antioxidation treatment is an effective method for treating these diseases. Saikosaponin-D (SSD) is a sapogenin extracted from Bupleurum falcatum and has been shown to have many pharmacological activities. The main purpose of this study was(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) isolated from cadaveric adipose tissue can be obtained in large quantities, and have been reported in the literature to be capable of inducing bone formation in vivo and ex vivo.( 1-6 ) The hypothesis tested whether a demineralized cancellous bone matrix (DCBM) can provide an effective substrate for selection and retention of(More)
A tissue-engineered valve needs to incorporate the complex microstructure of the native aortic valve if it is to be as durable as existing bioprosthetic valves. Native aortic valve cusps contain large collagen fiber bundles surrounded by tubes of elastin, linked together by elastin sheets and struts. They also contain glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) that bind(More)
A promising approach to addressing the performance limitations of currently available mechanical and bioprosthetic heart valves lies in tissue engineering. Tissue-engineered valves should incorporate the complex microstructure of the native valves to mimic their unique mechanics. This would include a layered topology, mesh networks, and branched collagen(More)
Explanted porcine bioprosthetic valves have a thinned spongiosa, partially because of an overall loss of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs). We measured the concentrations of specific GAG classes in explanted bioprosthetic valves (n = 14, implanted 12.0 +/- 4.7 years) compared with glutaraldehyde-fixed porcine controls. After extraction with NaOH, GAGs were analyzed(More)
Chordae tendineae are essential to the proper function of the mitral valve. Native chordae contain a dense collagenous core and an outer elastin sheath. We have been using the principle of directed collagen gel shrinkage to fabricate tissue-engineered mitral valve chordae. Because the microstructure of biologic tissues determines their mechanical behavior,(More)
A series of novel biphenyl urea derivates were synthesized and investigated for their potential to inhibit vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 (VEGFR-2). In particular, A7, B3 and B4 displayed significant enzymatic inhibitory activities, with IC₅₀ values of 4.06, 4.55 and 5.26 nM. Compound A7 exhibited potent antiproliferative activity on several(More)
A series of novel VEGFR-2 inhibitors containing oxime as hinge binding fragment were described. A strategy of pseudo six-membered ring formed through intramolecular hydrogen bond was employed to mimic the planar quinazoline. The oxime group was firstly introduced to interact with hinge region of VEGFR-2. Most of compounds tested showed moderate to high(More)
VEGFR-2 plays an essential role in angiogenesis and is an important target for cancer therapy. A series of biphenyl-aryl ureas were synthesized and evaluated as novel VEGFR-2 inhibitors. The pyridine, methylamine carbonyl pyridine and pivaloyl amide pyridine were introduced as novel hinge binding fragment. The majority of title compounds displayed potent(More)