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A bottleneck to detecting distance and density based outliers is that a nearest-neighbor search is required for each of the data points, resulting in a quadratic number of pairwise distance evaluations. In this paper, we propose a new method that uses the relative degree of density with respect to a fixed set of reference points to approximate the degree of(More)
Dynamic near-infrared optical tomographic measurement instrumentation capable of simultaneous bilateral breast imaging, having a capability of four source wavelengths and 32 source-detector fibers for each breast, is described. The system records dynamic optical data simultaneously from both breasts, while verifying proper optical fiber contact with the(More)
An important determinant of the value of quantitative neuroimaging studies is the reliability of the derived information, which is a function of the data collection conditions. Near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) and electroencelphalography are independent sensing domains that are well suited to explore principal elements of the brain's response to(More)
Systematic characterization studies are presented, relating to a previously reported spatial deconvolution operation that seeks to compensate for the information-blurring property of first-order perturbation algorithms for diffuse optical tomography (DOT) image reconstruction. In simulation results that are presented, this deconvolution operation has been(More)
The utility of optical tomography as a practical imaging modality has, thus far, been limited by its intrinsically low spatial resolution and quantitative accuracy. Recently, we have argued that a broad range of physiological phenomena might be accurately studied by adopting this technology to investigate dynamic states (Schmitz et al., 2000; Barbour et(More)
A straightforward spatial deconvolution operation is presented that seeks to invert the information-blurring property of first-order perturbation algorithms for diffuse optical tomography (DOT) image reconstruction. The method that was developed to generate these deconvolving operators, or filters, was conceptually based on the frequency-encoding process(More)
We present a distribution-based and transformation-based approach to synthetic data generation and demonstrate that the approach is very efficient in generating different types of multi-dimensional numerical datasets for data clustering and outlier analysis. We developed a data generating system that is able to systematically create testing datasets based(More)
The premise of this report is that functional Near Infrared Spectroscopy (fNIRS) imaging data contain valuable physiological information that can be extracted by using analysis techniques that simultaneously consider the components of the measured hemodynamic response [i.e., levels of oxygenated, deoxygenated and total hemoglobin (oxyHb, deoxyHb and(More)
We present the fourth in a series of studies devoted to the issue of improving image quality in diffuse optical tomography (DOT) by using a spatial deconvolution operation that seeks to compensate for the information-blurring property of first-order perturbation algorithms. Our earlier reports consider only static target media. Here we report spatial(More)