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The phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt signaling pathway plays an important role in mediating survival signals in wide variety of neurons and cells. Recent studies show that Akt also regulates metabolic pathways to regulate cell survival. In this study, we reported that cyclin-dependent kinase-5 (Cdk5) regulates Akt activity and cell survival through(More)
Nowadays, non-invasive blood pressure (BP) is commonly measured by cuff-based devices, which cause discomfort during measurement and can only provide snapshots of BP. In order to measure beat-to-beat BP continuously and cufflessly, models based on pulse arrival time (PAT) and RR interval (RRI), which can both be conveniently acquired by wearable devices,(More)
The aging population, prevalence of chronic diseases, and outbreaks of infectious diseases are some of the major challenges of our present-day society. To address these unmet healthcare needs, especially for the early prediction and treatment of major diseases, health informatics, which deals with the acquisition, transmission, processing, storage,(More)
24-h blood pressure (BP) has significant prognostic value for cardiovascular risk screening, but the present BP devices are mainly cuff-based, which are unsuitable for long-term BP measurement, especially during nighttime. In this paper, we developed an armband wearable pulse transit time (PTT) system for 24-h cuff-less BP measurement and evaluated it in an(More)
An eyeglasses-based device has been developed in this work to acquire photoplethysmogram (PPG) from the nose bridge. This device is aimed to provide wearable physiological monitoring without uncomfortable clips frequently used in PPG measurement from finger and ear. Switching control is applied on the LED and photo detector for power saving. An experiment(More)
The gene encoding isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) is somatically mutated predominantly in secondary glioblastoma multiforme. Glioma-specific mutations in IDH1 always produced a single amino acid substitution at R132, but mutations in IDH2 were exclusively at R172 which was the analogous site to R132 in IDH1. Mutations of IDH1 and IDH2 led to simultaneous(More)
A wearable cuff-less pulse transit time (PTT) based monitoring device is developed for ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring. Ten healthy subjects (aged 27 ± 4 years old) underwent 24-hour ambulatory BP monitoring using 1) a standard brachial cuff-based oscillometric device as reference and 2) the proposed cuff-less PTT measuring system. Raw PTT and BP(More)
Heterozygous mutations in either the R132 residue of isocitrate dehydrogenase I (IDH1) or the R172 residue of IDH2 in human gliomas were recently highlighted. In the present study, we report that mutations of IDH1 and IDH2 are not detected in the rat C6 glioma cell line model, which suggests that these mutations are not required for the development of(More)
The identification of heterozygous mutations (with an incidence up to 85%) in either the R132 residue of isocitrate dehydrogenase-1 (IDH1) or the R172 residue of IDH2 in human low-grade diffuse gliomas was remarkable because no oncogenic pathway had been previously documented correlated with these enzymes. In spite of a recent surge in elucidating the(More)
In many neurodegenerative disorders that lead to memory loss and dementia, the brain pathology responsible for neuronal loss is marked by accumulations of proteins in the form of extracellular plaques and intracellular filamentous tangles, containing hyperphosphorylated cytoskeletal proteins. These are assumed to arise as a consequence of deregulation of a(More)