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Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is an important cytokine participating in multiple biologic activities in immune regulation and inflammation. IL-6 has been associated with cardiovascular remodeling. However, the mechanism of IL-6 in hypertensive cardiac fibrosis is still unclear. Angiotensin II (Ang II) infusion in mice increased IL-6 expression in the heart. IL-6(More)
OBJECTIVE Inflammatory responses play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of hypertensive cardiac remodeling. Macrophage recruitment and polarization contribute to the development of cardiac fibrosis. Although serum-glucocorticoid regulated kinase 1 (SGK1) is a key mediator of fibrosis, its role in regulating macrophage function leading to cardiac fibrosis(More)
OBJECTIVE Interleukin-12 is essential for the differentiation of naïve T cells into interferon-γ-producing T cells, which regulate inflammatory responses. We investigated this process of regulating hypertension-induced cardiac fibrosis. METHODS AND RESULTS Mice infused with angiotensin II showed a marked increase in interleukin-12p35 expression in cardiac(More)
BACKGROUND Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is an important manifestation of systemic atherosclerosis and is associated with elevated cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the use of antiplatelet agents, statins and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) in Chinese high-risk cardiovascular (CV)(More)
Intermedin (IMD), an autocrine/paracrine biologically active peptide, plays a critical role in maintaining vascular homeostasis. Recent research has shown that high plasma levels of IMD are associated with poor outcomes for patients with ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction. However, the prognostic utility of IMD levels in non-ST-segment(More)
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