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BACKGROUND Heart valve disease is a significant and increasing global problem in the developing world. The aim of this study is to evaluate the incidence of postoperative complications and mortality in patients who underwent heart valve replacement. METHODS In this prospective study, 320 adult cases (186 females and 134 males, mean age of: 45.7 ± 15.0)(More)
BACKGROUND Heart disease is the main cause of mortality and morbidity in patients with beta thalassemia, rendering its early diagnosis vital. We studied and compared echocardiographic findings in patients with beta thalassemia major, patients with beta thalassemia intermedia, and a control group. METHODS Eighty asymptomatic patients with thalassemia major(More)
BACKGROUND Pleurotomy during coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) may cause post-operative events, mostly pulmonary complications. In this study, we evaluated the influence of pleurotomy during CABG on the clinical outcome following left internal mammary artery (LIMA) harvesting. METHODS Between March and August 2009, 102 patients who underwent cardiac(More)
BACKGROUND Adenotonsillectomy is one of the most common surgical procedures in children. Several complications and morbidities are common after nasal surgeries and the most common is pain. Several techniques have been employed to reduce the severity of postoperative pain. One of the preoperative techniques is pre-emptive analgesia through preventive central(More)
BACKGROUND Intrapulmonary shunt as a result of atelectasis following cardiac surgeries is an important and common postoperative complication that results into pulmonary dysfunction typically lasting more than a week following surgery. Different methods have been provided to prevent these complications. OBJECTIVES In order to prevent postoperative(More)
INTRODUCTION Excessive bleeding presents a risk for the patient in cardiovascular surgery. Local haemostatic agents are of great value to reduce bleeding and related complications. TachoSil (Nycomed, Linz, Austria) is a sterile, haemostatic agent that consists of an equine collagen patchcoated with human fibrinogen and thrombin. This study evaluated the(More)
BACKGROUND Reperfusion ventricular fibrillation after aortic cross clamp is one of the important complications of open cardiac surgery and its prevention could reduce myocardial injuries. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of single dose of amiodarone or lidocaine by the way of pump circuit three minutes before aortic cross clamp release and compare(More)
BACKGROUND Patients suffering from major beta thalassemia need frequent blood transfusions and, if not treated well, would be at risk of heart dysfunction. This study was performed to determine the diagnostic value of electrocardiography versus echocardiography in measuring the left ventricular mass index in these patients. METHODS Between July 2010 and(More)
BACKGROUND Pregnant patients with mechanical heart valves require anticoagulation. The risk of bleeding and embryopathy associated with oral anticoagulants must be weighed against the risk of valve thrombosis. METHODS In this prospective study, undertaken between 1999 and 2009, 53 pregnancies (47 women with mechanical mitral valves; 29.8 ± 4.8 years old)(More)
BACKGROUND Coronary artery spasm (CAS) is defined as a reversible, sudden epicardial coronary artery stenosis that causes vessel occlusion or near occlusion. CASE REPORT In this article, we present a clinical case of CAS in a 48-year-old woman undergoing elective aortic valve replacement surgery for aortic stenosis. On the 3rd post-operative day, the(More)