Yalda Lucero

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BACKGROUND Noroviruses (NoVs) are the most common cause of viral gastroenteritis. Their high incidence and importance in health care facilities result in a great impact on public health. Studies from around the world describing increasing prevalence have been difficult to compare because of differing nomenclatures for variants of the dominant genotype,(More)
Rotarix(®) was first licensed in 2004 and rapidly introduced into private and public markets worldwide. In a previous 2009 article, we reviewed the impact of rotavirus-associated disease, the rationale for different vaccines, prelicensure efficacy studies and cost-effectiveness studies for Rotarix. As of September 2011, Rotarix had been licensed in 123(More)
BACKGROUND Rotavirus and more recently norovirus have been recognized as 2 of the most common causes of acute diarrhea in children. Comparative analysis of these infections in a birth cohort has not been performed and can provide relevant insight on clinical and viral behaviors. METHODS Mother-infant pairs from middle-low socioeconomic background living(More)
BACKGROUND A need for updated information on different aspects of idiopathic intussusception resurged after the Rotashield experience. Variability of incidence rates worldwide and the possibility of a more severe outcome among infants that have intussusception at a younger age are two issues that remain unclear. We aimed to provide updated information on(More)
BACKGROUND Invasive fungal infections (IFI) cause prolonged hospitalizations and increase the possibility of death among patients with cancer and febrile neutropenia (FN). Up to 10% of febrile neutropenic episodes may be caused by IFI. AIM To estimate the incidence of IFI among a large group of Chilean children with cancer and FN. PATIENTS AND METHODS(More)
Noroviruses are implicated in many worldwide institutional, food and waterborne outbreaks each year. Genetic typing of isolates is valuable for monitoring outbreak spread as well as variation in circulating strains. Microarrays have the potential to provide rapid genotype information for norovirus samples. The NoroChip v3.0 provides an oligonucleotide(More)
This article focuses on clinical and diagnostic aspects relevant to severe acute infectious gastroenteritis in children and will update treatment strategies focused on, although not limited to, anti-infective therapy. For the purposes of this article we will consider severe acute infectious gastroenteritis as follows: watery diarrhea accompanied by, or at(More)
BACKGROUND Helicobacter pylori, the main cause of peptic ulcer disease and gastric cancer in adult populations, is generally acquired during the first years of life. Infection can be persistent or transient and bacterial and host factors determining persistence are largely unknown and may prove relevant for future disease. METHODS Two cohorts of healthy(More)
BACKGROUND Intussusception (IS) is a potentially severe disease that affects an undetermined number of Chilean infants. The withdrawal of a rotavirus vaccine in 1999 due to its association with IS, highlighted the need for updated information on IS worldwide including Chile, before introduction of new vaccines. AIM To estimate the incidence and to(More)
Different dietary approaches have been attempted for the treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and autism, but only three of them have been subjected to clinical trials: education in healthy nutritional habits, supplementation and elimination diets. On the other hand, for multiple reasons, the number of people who adopt vegetarian and(More)