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Buprenorphine is a mixed opioid agonist/antagonist analgesic. This study was designed to determine the role of opioid receptor subtypes, especially kappa 3, in buprenorphine-induced analgesia in mice. Buprenorphine, when injected systemically, revealed a potent analgesic effect by tailflick assay, with a biphasic dose-response curve, which was reversed by(More)
Recent enhancements and current research in the GeneCards (GC) (http://bioinfo.weizmann.ac.il/cards/) project are described, including the addition of gene expression profiles and integrated gene locations. Also highlighted are the contributions of specialized associated human gene-centric databases developed at the Weizmann Institute. These include the(More)
This study examined the effect of the neuroactive steroid 3α, 5α-tetrahydrodeoxycorticosterone (α-THDOC) as compared to the benzodiazepines diazepam and midazolam and the barbiturate phenobarbital on the number of rearing events and the number of steps ascended in the mouse staircase test. The benzodiazepines, phenobarbital and α-THDOC all reduced rearing(More)
This study examined the effect of acute ethanol administration as compared to diazepam on the number of rearing events and the number of steps ascended in the mouse staircase test, an animal model sensitive to benzodiazepines. Acute ethanol administration, similar to acute diazepam administration, reduces rearing (at doses that do not reduce climbing) in(More)
Tumor colonization involves changes in cell permeability and remodeling. Paracellular permeability is regulated by claudins, integrated tight junction (TJ) proteins, located on the apicolateral portion of epithelial cells. Epidermal growth factor (EGF) was reported to modify cellular claudin levels and induce remodeling. To investigate a role for EGF(More)
This study examined the behavioral effects of agents active at the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA(A)) receptor complex in the mouse staircase paradigm. The neuroactivesteroids dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA-S) were compared with the benzodiazepine agonist clonazepam, the non-benzodiazepine hypnotic compound zopiclone,(More)
Compensatory growth is mediated by multiple cell types that interact during organ repair. To elucidate the relationship between stem/progenitor cells that proliferate or differentiate and somatic cells of the lung, we used a novel organotypic ex vivo pneumoexplant system. Applying this technique, we identified a sustained culture of repopulating adult(More)
This study examined the effect of the neuroactive steroid 3 alpha, 5 alpha-tetrahydrodeoxycorticosterone (alpha-THDOC) as compared to the benzodiazepines diazepam and midazolam and the barbiturate phenobarbital on the number of rearing events and the number of steps ascended in the mouse staircase test. The benzodiazepines, phenobarbital and alpha-THDOC all(More)
Cytokines, specifically IL-1 and TNF, have been implicated as important mediators of joint destruction in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Elevated levels of IL-1 in the joint fluid of patients with RA have been reported, as well as the presence of IL-1 inhibitory activity. We have reported the characterization of an inhibitor derived from a myelomonocytic cell(More)
We evaluated the modulatory effect of the GABA-active neurosteroid alphaxalone on the staircase test behavior of mice. Results were compared with the benzodiazepine alprazolam, the GABA(A) agonist muscimol and the peripheral steroids corticosterone and progesterone. Alphaxalone and alprazolam reduced rearing activity in a dose-dependent manner, at doses(More)