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Protein kinases play an important role in regulating the response to abiotic stress in plant. CIPKs are plant-specific signal transducers, and some members have been identified. However, the precise functions of novel CIPKs still remain unknown. Here we report that HbCIPK2 is a positive regulator of salt and osmotic stress tolerance. HbCIPK2 was screened(More)
The high-affinity K+ (HAK) transporter gene family constitutes the largest family that functions as potassium transporter in plant and is important for various cellular processes of plant life. In spite of their physiological importance, systematic analyses of ZmHAK genes have not yet been investigated. In this paper, we indicated the isolation and(More)
A pathogen-inducible ethylene-responsive factor gene, EREB1, was isolated and characterized in cotton (Gossypium barbadense L.). The deduced amino acid sequence of EREB1 had some typical features of transcription factors including nuclear localization signals, an acidic activation domain, and a conserved DNA binding domain. As a single copy gene in the(More)
Hexokinases (HXKs, EC 2.7.1.1) play important roles in metabolism, glucose (Glc) signaling, and phosphorylation of Glc and fructose and are ubiquitous in all organisms. Despite their physiological importance, the maize HXK (ZmHXK) genes have not been analyzed systematically. We isolated and characterized nine members of the ZmHXK gene family which were(More)
Mas-related gene (Mrg) C receptors are exclusively expressed in the trigeminal and dorsal root ganglia (DRG). However, their functional roles are poorly understood. This study was aimed to determine the effect of MrgC receptors on pain hypersensitivity in the early phase of neuropathic pain and its underlying mechanisms. Intrathecal (i.t.) administration of(More)
OBJECTIVE Diabetes is often associated with complications and comorbidities. Diabetic osteoporosis (OP) is increasingly recognized as a significant comorbidity of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2-DM). In this study, we intended to determine whether type 2 diabetes was associated with a higher bone mineral density (BMD) in older males, and investigate the(More)
Both pro-nociceptive and antinociceptive mediators are released in the tissues during inflammation. Balance of these two types of mediators determines the induction and maintenance of pain or hypernociception. This study was designed to explore whether 5-HT(2A) receptors in the periphery contributed to the maintenance of carrageenan-evoked hyperalgesia.(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the role of phospholipid transfer protein (PLTP) in cigarette smoke extract (CSE)-induced apoptosis of rat alveolar type II cells (RLE-6TN) in vitro. METHODS Rat alveolar epithelial cell line RLE-6TN were transfected with a small interfering RNA (siRNA) targeting PLTP prior to exposure to different concentrations of CSE for 24 or(More)
BACKGROUND Polysaccharides from various sources are being considered potential sources for the treatment of liver cancer. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of polysaccharide isolated from Panax notoginseng (PPN) on the proliferation of H22 liver cancer cells and the survival of the tumor-bearing mice transplanted with H22 cells. (More)