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To successfully induce tissue repair or regeneration in vivo, bioengineered constructs must possess both optimal bioactivity and mechanical strength. This is because cell interaction with the extracellular matrix (ECM) produces two different but concurrent signaling mechanisms: ligation-induced signaling, which depends on ECM biological stimuli, and(More)
Brassinosteroids (BRs), a class of plant steroid hormones, play a significant role in the amelioration of various biotic and abiotic stresses. In order to further explore and elaborate their roles in plants subjected to chilling stress, suspension cultured cells of Chorispora bungeana with or without 24-epibrassinolide (EBR) application were exposed to 4(More)
In the present study, we used suspension cultured cells from Chorispora bungeana Fisch. and C.A. Mey to investigate whether nitric oxide (NO) is involved in the signaling pathway of chilling adaptive responses. Low temperatures at 4 °C or 0 °C induced ion leakage, lipid peroxidation and cell viability suppression, which were dramatically alleviated by(More)
Leptospirillum ferriphilum strain UBK03 isolated from a mine in Jiangxi, China, is resistant to Ni(2+) (30 to 40 mM). A four-gene nickel resistance cluster was identified and, when transformed into Escherichia coli, enabled growth in 6 mM nickel. Mutation experiments revealed that the genes ncrA, ncrB, and ncrC could confer nickel resistance in Escherichia(More)
The objective of this study was to investigate whether abscisic acid (ABA), a second messenger in chilling stress responses, is involved in brassinosteroids (BRs)-induced chilling tolerance in suspension cultured cells from Chorispora bungeana. The suspension cells were treated with 24-epibrassinolide (EBR), ABA, ABA biosynthesis inhibitor fluridone (Flu)(More)
Polygalacturonase-inhibiting proteins (PGIPs) are plant defense proteins. To date, no spatial distribution of PGIPs and interaction between PGIPs and nitric oxide (NO) in plant were described. Here, we first reported the full-length cDNA sequence of PGIP of Chorispora bungeana (CbPGIP1). Notably, immunofluorescence localization showed that the CbPGIP was(More)
Salmon aquaculture generates good output (i.e., salmon) and bad output (e.g., pollution). A joint production function approach is applied to model both outputs simultaneously. Two environmental production technologies are specified, namely, regulated and unregulated technologies. Two production functions with different mapping rules are applied. Pollution(More)
Cellular traction forces, resulting in cell-substrate physical interactions, are generated by actin-myosin complexes and transmitted to the extracellular matrix through focal adhesions. These processes are highly dynamic under physiological conditions and modulate cell migration. To better understand the precise dynamics of cell migration, we measured the(More)
INTRODUCTION The SAMMPRIS trial suggested that aggressive treatment was superior to endovascular stenting in patients with severe symptomatic intracranial atherosclerotic stenosis (ICAS) due to high complication rates in patients in the stenting group. Given that 12.2% patients failed aggressive medical therapy in the SAMMPRIS study, it is imperative to(More)
Cu-Al spinel oxide, which contains a small portion of the CuO phase, has been successfully used in methanol steam reforming (MSR) without prereduction. The omission of prereduction not only avoids the copper sintering prior to the catalytic reaction, but also slows down the copper-sintering rate in MSR. During this process, the CuO phase can initiate MSR at(More)