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—This paper applies Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) for offline handwritten English character recognition. We use a modified LeNet-5 CNN model, with special settings of the number of neurons in each layer and the connecting way between some layers. Outputs of the CNN are set with error-correcting codes, thus the CNN has the ability to reject(More)
It is true that we have a global fisheries crisis, but it is equally true that we already have the tools to understand its causes and overcome it. One of the elements of this toolkit is the Food and Agriculture Organization (UN) Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries, launched in 1995 and endorsed by all of FAO's member states. The Code, a mixture of(More)
To develop a growing root, cell division in the root meristem has to be properly regulated in order to generate or propagate new cells. How cell division is regulated in the root meristem remains largely unknown. Here, we report the identification and characterization of the Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) RETARDED ROOT GROWTH (RRG) gene that plays a(More)
The underlying mechanism of isoflurane-induced cognitive dysfunction in older individuals is unknown. In this study, the effects of isoflurane exposure on the hippocampal blood-brain barrier (BBB) in aged rats were investigated because it was previously shown that BBB disruption involves in cognitive dysfunction. Twenty-month-old rats randomly received 1.5%(More)
Melatonin is an endogenous hormone with neuroprotective effects. Melatonin levels in elderly patients are reduced after surgeries that require anaesthesia. Whether reduced melatonin levels are important for postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) remains unclear. Here, we investigated the effects of melatonin on cognitive dysfunctions induced by(More)
Angiogenesis is an essential step for the growth and spread of malignant tumors. Accurate detection and quantification of tumor angiogenesis is important for early diagnosis of cancers as well as post therapy assessment of antiangiogenic drugs. The cell adhesion molecule integrin αvβ3 is a specific marker of angiogenesis, which is highly expressed on(More)
We propose a new scheme for peer-to-peer live media streaming that uses network coding. This scheme includes the grouping method of media data on the server side, the network coding and decoding policies on each peer node and the packet scheduling algorithm with multiple suppliers. Unlike other related scheme based on network coding, our scheme does not(More)
for helpful comments. The authors are also indebted to John Rune Selvik from the Norwegian Institute for Water Research and Mr. Svein Erik Stave from Statistics Norway for providing information on pollution and for sharing the nitrogen and phosphorus data with us. Canada's Research Network in Aquaculture (AquaNet) is acknowledged for financial support to(More)
Endovascular technology was initially applied in treating peripheral vascular disease and was further developed in managing coronary artery disease. During the latest two decades, it has been introduced into the arena of cerebrovascular diseases, which has garnered attention and research interests.