Yajiao Zhang

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Sulfur mustard (SM) is a highly reactive alkylating vesicant and causes blisters upon contact with skin, eyes, and respiratory organs. It covalently links with DNAs by forming four mono- or cross-link adducts. In this article, the reference standards of SM-DNA adducts and deuterated analogues were first synthesized with simplified procedures containing only(More)
In one event, Chinese male individuals accidentally exposed to unknown chemicals and emerged erythema or blisters on contacted organism derma, then hospitalized. To identify the causative agents, blood, urine and exudate samples were collected from the patients during the therapeutic course. Five established liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)(More)
Sulfur mustard (SM) is a classic vesicant agent, which has been greatly employed in several wars or military conflicts. The most lesion mechanism is its strong alkylation of DNAs in vivo. Until now there are four specific DNA adducts of SM identified for further retrospective detection, i.e., N(7)-(2-hydroxyethylthioethyl)-2'-guanine (N(7)-HETEG),(More)
A highly sensitive method for the determination of sulfur mustard (SM) metabolites thiodiglycol (TDG) and thiodiglycol sulfoxide (TDGO) in urine was established and validated using isotope-dilution negative-ion chemical ionization (NICI) gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). TDGO in the samples was reduced with TiCl3, and then determined together(More)
Sulfur mustard (SM) is a powerful vesicant and one of the most harmful chemical warfare agents. Although having been studied for a long time, it is still difficult to fully elucidate the mechanisms of SM poisoning, and there is no effective antidote or specific treatment for SM injury. The investigations on toxicokinetics and tissue distribution of SM will(More)
Sulfur mustard (SM) is a highly reactive alkylating vesicant with high toxicity and complicated metabolism, the in vivo profile of its oxidation metabolism is not still fully known and urgently needs to be clarified well. In this work, an isotope-dilution high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometric method coupled with chemical(More)
Sulfur mustard (SM) is a highly reactive alkylation vesicant and cytotoxic agent that has been recognized as an animal and human carcinogen. Although the exact mechanism of toxicology is vague, DNA alkylation seems to be responsible for the triggering of apoptosis. In this study, after male adult Sprague-Dawley rats were cutaneous exposed to a low(More)
Sulfur mustard (SM) is a powerful alkylating vesicant that can rapidly penetrate skin, ocular, and lung bronchus mucous membranes and react with numerous nucleophiles in vivo. Although the lesion mechanisms of SM remain unclear, DNA damage is believed to be the most crucial factor in initiating SM-induced toxicity. Four major DNA adducts were identified for(More)
Divinyl sulfone (DVS) is an important oxidative metabolic product of sulfur mustard (SM) in vitro and in vivo. Although DVS is not a classical blister agent, its high reactivity and toxicity induced by vinyl groups can also cause blisters like SM upon contact with the skin, eyes, and respiratory organs. The purpose of this paper was to identify whether DVS(More)
The analysis of biological samples can provide qualitative and quantitative evidence of exposure to sulfur mustard (SM). N7-(2-hydroxyethylthioethyl) guanine (N7-HETEG) is the most abundant DNA adduct and one of the biomarkers of SM exposure. For the detection and validation of SM exposure, a sensitive high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass(More)
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