Yair Shapiro

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Lithium (Li) reduces brain inositol levels. Berridge has suggested that this effect is related to Li's mechanism of action. It had previously been shown that pilocarpine causes a limbic seizure syndrome in lithium treated rats, and that these lithium-pilocarpine seizures are reversible by intracerebroventricular inositol administration to rats. We now show(More)
Lithium reduces brain inositol levels by inhibiting inositol monophosphatase. In a previous study it was found that administration of pilocarpine to Li-treated rats causes limbic seizure behavior which can be reversed by i.c.v. myo-inositol but not chiro-inositol, suggesting that this behavior is related to inositol depletion in the PI cycle. Hyponatremia(More)
A relatively small decrease in intraocular pressure secondary to submaximal work can be demonstrated when factors other than the work load itself are eliminated--diurnal variation, body position, and the effect of repeated examinations. A feedback mechanism that causes a return of IOP towards its normal value after work-induced decreases is postulated.
Tyrosine-hydroxylase immunohistochemistry demonstrated that a single injection of 120 mg/kg 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) reversibly disconnected bullfrog sympathetic ganglia from their peripheral targets. This was correlated with a decrease in sympathetic outflow to the eyes and a reversible decrease in pupil diameter. 6-OHDA did not damage the cell bodies of(More)
We hypothesized that exercise training might prevent diabetes mellitus in Psammomys obesus. Animals were assigned to three groups: high-energy diet (CH), high-energy diet and exercise (EH), and low-energy diet (CL). The EH group ran on a treadmill 5 days/wk, twice a day. After 4 wk, 93% of the CH group were diabetic compared with only 20% of the EH group.(More)
The Lymphapress, a pneumatic sequential intermittent device is recognized as one of the most effective conservative treatments for lymphoedema, due to its effective 'milking mechanism'. This led us to hypothesize that accelerated removal of fatigue-causing metabolites by mechanical massage could improve an athlete's performance capacity. We conducted trials(More)
Previous studies have substantiated the antipyretic role played by extrahypothalamic limbic system (EXHY-LS) AVP during fever. Repeated attempts to elucidate other thermoregulatory functions of this hormone have failed. Circumstantial evidence, however, suggest central role for this hormone in thermoregulation under hypohydration. Hypohydration,(More)
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