Learn More
Aging is an intricate phenomenon characterized by progressive decline in physiological functions and increase in mortality that is often accompanied by many pathological diseases. Although aging is almost universally conserved among all organisms, the underlying molecular mechanisms of aging remain largely elusive. Many theories of aging have been proposed,(More)
The Wilms tumor gene WT1 has been implicated in the early development of the kidney. Mutations in WT1 are found in a small fraction of Wilms tumor, a pediatric nephroblastoma, and Denys-Drash syndrome, characterized by genitourinary abnormalities. The WT1 gene product functions as a transcriptional repressor of growth factor-related genes. The kidney is one(More)
Aging is characterized by a progressive decline in cellular function, organismal fitness and increased risk of age-associated diseases and death. One potential cause of aging is the progressive accumulation of dysfunctional mitochondria and oxidative damage with age. Considerable efforts have been made in our understanding of the role of mitochondrial(More)
Notch signaling regulates a broad spectrum of cell fate decisions and differentiation. Both oncogenic and tumor suppressor functions have been shown for Notch signaling. However, little is known about the underlying mechanisms of its tumor suppressor function. Here, we report that expression of Notch3, a member of Notch family transmembrane receptors, was(More)
The inhibitor of differentiation or DNA binding (Id) family of transcription regulators plays an important role in cell proliferation, differentiation, and senescence. However, regulation of Id expression during these processes is poorly understood. Id proteins are known to undergo rapid turnover mediated by the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway.(More)
OBJECTIVE Hepatoma-derived growth factor (HDGF)-related proteins (HRPs) comprise a family of six members and are characterised by a conserved HATH domain. Among the family members, HDGF was the first to be identified as a mitogenic factor and shown to play an important role in hepatocellular carcinoma pathogenesis. The aim of the present study is to examine(More)
The limitation of proliferative potential in human somatic cells imposed by replicative senescence has been proposed as a mechanism of tumor suppression. The E3 ubiquitin ligase Smurf2 is up-regulated during replicative senescence in response to telomere shortening, and induces senescence when expressed adventitiously in early passage or(More)
The Na+/H+ exchangers (NHEs) catalyze the transport of Na+ in exchange for H+ across membranes in organisms and are required for numerous physiological processes. Here we report the cloning and characterization of a novel human NHEDC1 (Na+/H+ exchanger like domain containing 1) gene, which was mapped to human chromosome 4p24. This cDNA is 1859 bp in length,(More)
An important goal in diabetes research is to understand the processes that trigger endogenous β-cell proliferation. Hyperglycemia induces β-cell replication, but the mechanism remains debated. A prime candidate is insulin, which acts locally through the insulin receptor. Having previously developed an in vivo mouse hyperglycemia model, we tested whether(More)
Senescence is regarded as a physiological response of cells to stress, including telomere dysfunction, aberrant oncogenic activation, DNA damage, and oxidative stress. This stress response has an antagonistically pleiotropic effect to organisms: beneficial as a tumor suppressor, but detrimental by contributing to aging. The emergence of senescence as an(More)