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BACKGROUND Most knowledge regarding the effects of antidepressant drugs is at the receptor level, distal from the nervous system effects that mediate their clinical efficacy. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), this study investigated the effects of escitalopram, a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI), on resting-state brain(More)
Increasing evidence indicates that both the nerve growth factor (NGF) and adrenergic systems play a very important role in the development of nociception. However, there is little information concerning the functional interactions between these two systems in the dorsal root ganglion (DRG). The present study tested the hypothesis that NGF could affect(More)
Microglia, the primary immune cells in the brain, have been implicated as the predominant cells governing inflammation-mediated neuronal damage. In response to immunological challenges such as lipopolysaccharide (LPS), microglia are activated and subsequently inflammatory process is initiated as evidenced by the release of pro-inflammatory chemokines and(More)
To understand the skeletal metastatic pattern of non-small cell lung cancer, we developed a stable high-expression green fluorescent protein (GFP) transductant of human lung cancer cell line H460 (H460-GFP). The GFP-expressing lung cancer was visualized to metastasize widely throughout the skeleton when implanted orthotopically in nude mice. H460 was(More)
The present treatment of colon cancer is based on 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). Despite promising results of combining leucovorin or levamisole with 5-FU, the 5-year survival rate of patients with advanced colon cancer has not increased significantly. Colon tumors in vitro have been shown previously to have an elevated requirement for methionine, suggesting a new(More)
In this study, we report a novel approach to gene-directed enzyme prodrug therapy for cancer. This gene therapy strategy exploits the toxic pro-oxidant property of methylselenol, which is released from selenomethionine (SeMET) by cancer cells with the adenoviral-delivered methionine alpha,gamma-lyase (MET) gene cloned from Pseudomonas putida. In(More)
TRAIL/Apo-2L, a novel cytokine, is a member of the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) family and serves as an extracellular signal triggering apoptosis. TRAIL/Apo-2L is capable of killing various transformed cells but not unstimulated primary T cells. In this study, five human glioma cells (U87, U118, U178, U563, and A172) were examined for their susceptibility to(More)
Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are responsible for tumor initiation and progression. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are highly expressed in cancer cells and associated with poor prognosis. However, a linkage between CSCs and TLRs is unclear, and potential intervention strategies to prevent TLR stimulation-induced CSC formation and underlying mechanisms are lacking.(More)
This study describes a novel approach to the treatment of brain tumors with the combination of recombinant L-methionine-alpha-deamino-gamma-lyase and chemotherapeutic regimens that are currently used against such tumors. The growth of Daoy, SWB77, and D-54 xenografts in athymic mice was arrested after the depletion of mouse plasma methionine (MET) with a(More)
Human trophoblast progenitor cells differentiate via two distinct pathways, to become the highly invasive extravillous cytotrophoblast (CTB) cells (EVT) or fuse to form syncytiotrophoblast. Inadequate trophoblast differentiation results in poor placenta perfusion, or even complications such as pre-eclampsia (PE). Cullin1 (CUL1), a scaffold protein in(More)