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BACKGROUND Most knowledge regarding the effects of antidepressant drugs is at the receptor level, distal from the nervous system effects that mediate their clinical efficacy. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), this study investigated the effects of escitalopram, a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI), on resting-state brain(More)
Microglia, the primary immune cells in the brain, have been implicated as the predominant cells governing inflammation-mediated neuronal damage. In response to immunological challenges such as lipopolysaccharide (LPS), microglia are activated and subsequently inflammatory process is initiated as evidenced by the release of pro-inflammatory chemokines and(More)
Increasing evidence indicates that both the nerve growth factor (NGF) and adrenergic systems play a very important role in the development of nociception. However, there is little information concerning the functional interactions between these two systems in the dorsal root ganglion (DRG). The present study tested the hypothesis that NGF could affect(More)
In this study, we report a novel approach to gene-directed enzyme prodrug therapy for cancer. This gene therapy strategy exploits the toxic pro-oxidant property of methylselenol, which is released from selenomethionine (SeMET) by cancer cells with the adenoviral-delivered methionine alpha,gamma-lyase (MET) gene cloned from Pseudomonas putida. In(More)
The present treatment of colon cancer is based on 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). Despite promising results of combining leucovorin or levamisole with 5-FU, the 5-year survival rate of patients with advanced colon cancer has not increased significantly. Colon tumors in vitro have been shown previously to have an elevated requirement for methionine, suggesting a new(More)
Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are responsible for tumor initiation and progression. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are highly expressed in cancer cells and associated with poor prognosis. However, a linkage between CSCs and TLRs is unclear, and potential intervention strategies to prevent TLR stimulation-induced CSC formation and underlying mechanisms are lacking.(More)
Results obtained over the past 40 years have demonstrated that tumor cells of all types tested have an elevated growth requirement for methioninase compared with normal cells. Recombinant methioninase (rMETase) cloned from Pseudomonas putida has been found previously to be an effective antitumor agent attributable to deprivation of the extracellular(More)
TRAIL/Apo-2L, a novel cytokine, is a member of the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) family and serves as an extracellular signal triggering apoptosis. TRAIL/Apo-2L is capable of killing various transformed cells but not unstimulated primary T cells. In this study, five human glioma cells (U87, U118, U178, U563, and A172) were examined for their susceptibility to(More)
Human trophoblast progenitor cells differentiate via two distinct pathways, to become the highly invasive extravillous cytotrophoblast (CTB) cells (EVT) or fuse to form syncytiotrophoblast. Inadequate trophoblast differentiation results in poor placenta perfusion, or even complications such as pre-eclampsia (PE). Cullin1 (CUL1), a scaffold protein in(More)
BACKGROUND The blockade of PD-1-PD-L1 pathway is emerging as an effective therapeutic strategy for several advanced cancers. But the immune regulatory role of PD-1-PD-L1 pathway is not clear in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. This study aims to evaluate the role of PD-1-PD-L1 pathway in CD8(+) T-cell functions in tumour-draining lymph nodes (TDLNs) and(More)