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The combination of sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) is used as a second line of therapy for the treatment of uncomplicated chloroquine-resistant Plasmodium falciparum malaria. Resistance to SP arises due to certain point mutations in the genes for the dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) and dihydropteroate synthetase (DHPS) enzymes of the parasite. We have(More)
PURPOSE To characterize methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains by molecular typing based on polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) of spa gene and to assess the utility of spa genotyping over bacteriophage typing in the discrimination of the strains. MATERIALS AND METHODS Studies were undertaken(More)
Mutations in the chloroquine resistance (CQR) transporter gene of Plasmodium falciparum (Pfcrt; chromosome 7) play a key role in CQR, while mutations in the multidrug resistance gene (Pfmdr1; chromosome 5) play a significant role in the parasite's resistance to a variety of antimalarials and also modulate CQR. To compare patterns of genetic variation at(More)
  • Y D Sharma
  • 1992
Like many prokaryotes and eukaryotes, the malaria parasite also synthesizes several stress proteins. Most widely studied stress proteins of this parasite are the heat-shock proteins (hsps). Their discovery in malaria is a gift of recombinant DNA technology. Five hsp genes from Plasmodium falciparum have been identified which are located on different(More)
Present study describes the characterization of apical membrane antigen 1 (PvAMA1) polymorphisms among Indian Plasmodium vivax isolates. The partial PvAMA1 gene (covering domain I and domain II regions) sequenced from sixty-one (n=61) isolates in this study resulted into 49 haplotypes. Comparison with the previously available PvAMA1 sequences in the GenBank(More)
  • Y D Sharma
  • 1997
Knob proteins play a significant role in the pathophysiology of cerebral malaria caused by Plasmodium falciparum. Most of these proteins are of parasite origin and can be divided into two major classes: (i) the cytoadherent proteins present at the surface of the knobs; and (ii) the submembranous structural proteins which are placed towards the cytoplasmic(More)
Plasmodium falciparum Na(+)/H(+) exchanger-1 (pfnhe-1) gene has been proposed to be a possible marker for quinine resistance. Here, we describe the sequence analysis of the flanking microsatellites of the pfnhe-1 gene among 108 Indian P.falciparum isolates. Among the parasite population, a high degree of polymorphism was observed at all the 10(More)
BACKGROUND Sporadic idiopathic hypoparathyroidism (SIH) is the most common cause of hypoparathyroidism. While calcium sensing receptor (CaSR) autoantibodies are observed in 49% of cases, aetiopathogenetic mechanisms in others are under investigation. Mutations in the PTH gene including its 3' untranslated region, autoimmune regulator gene and lead CTLA-4(More)
Quadruple mutations in the Plasmodium falciparum dihydrofolate reductase (PFDHFR) enzyme give rise to the highest level of pyrimethamine resistance leading to treatment failures. We describe here the presence of these quadruple mutations in a majority of P. falciparum isolates from Car Nicobar (Andaman and Nicobar) Island, India. Isolates from the mainland,(More)
BACKGROUND Effective malaria control programs require continuous monitoring of drug pressure in the field, using molecular markers. METHODS We used sequence analysis to investigate the pfcrt and pfmdr1 mutations in Indian Plasmodium falciparum isolates. To evaluate the chloroquine drug pressure in the field, isolates were collected from 5 different areas(More)