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Penta-graphene has recently been proposed as a new allotrope of carbon composed of pure pentagons, and displays many novel properties going beyond graphene [Zhang et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A., 2015, 112, 2372]. To further explore the property modulations, we have carried out a theoretical investigation of the hydrogenated and fluorinated(More)
Due to the compatibility with the well-developed Si-based semiconductor industry, there is considerable interest in developing silicon structures with direct energy band gaps for effective sunlight harvesting. In this paper, using silicon triangles as the building block, we propose a new silicon allotrope with a direct band gap of 0.61 eV, which is(More)
MXenes are attracting attention due to their rich chemistry and intriguing properties. Here a new type of metal-carbon-based sheet composed of transition metal centers and C2 dimers rather than individual C atom is designed. Taking the Ti system as a test case, density functional theory calculations combined with a thermodynamic analysis uncover the thermal(More)
Mechanical cleavage, chemical intercalation and chemical vapor deposition are the main methods that are currently used to synthesize nanosheets or monolayers. Here, we propose a new strategy, thermal exfoliation for the fabrication of silica monolayers. Using a variety of state-of-the-art theoretical calculations we show that a stoichiometric single-layer(More)
The intriguing properties of phosphorene motivate scientists to further explore the structures and properties of phosphorus materials. Here, we report a new allotrope named K4 phosphorus composed of three-coordinated phosphorus atoms in non-layered structure which is not only dynamically and mechanically stable, but also possesses thermal stability(More)
Si based sheets have attracted tremendous attention due to their compatibility with the well-developed Si-based semiconductor industry. On the basis of state-of-the-art theoretical calculations, we systematically study the stability, electronic and optical properties of Si based porous sheets including g-Si4N3, g-Si3N4, g-Si3N3 and g-Si3P3. We find that the(More)
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