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OBJECTIVES To conduct evidence-based review of cognitive rehabilitation intervention research conducted in persons with multiple sclerosis (MS), to classify level of evidence, and to generate recommendations for interventions in this area. DATA SOURCES An open (no year limits set) search of Medline, PsychInfo, and CINAHL (eliminating repetitions) using(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the relations between community activities and satisfaction with these activities, desires to change them, and global life satisfaction. DESIGN Interview study with follow-up 1 month after rehabilitation discharge and 12 months postinjury. SETTING Community. PARTICIPANTS One hundred sixty-two individuals hospitalized with(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM Persons with brain injury frequently demonstrate decreased ability to monitor and apply strategies learned in treatment to everyday situations. The aim of this study is to refine, explore and provide preliminary testing of the multicontext approach in promoting strategy use across situations and increasing self-regulation, awareness and(More)
This experiment was designed to investigate the varying conditions of contextual interference within three age groups. 40 5-yr.-olds, 40 7-yr.-olds, and 40 11-yr.-olds practiced the task of throwing beanbags under either low contextual interference (blocked practice), high contextual interference (random practice), or medium contextual interference(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine self-awareness of neurobehavioral symptoms in multiple sclerosis (MS) across three domains of function (apathy, disinhibition, and executive control), and examine the relationship between self-awareness and cognitive functioning. METHODS Twenty-six individuals with MS completed neuropsychological testing, measures of emotional(More)
The present study examined the utility of using spaced learning trials (when trials are distributed over time) versus massed learning trials (consecutive learning trials) in the acquisition of everyday functional tasks. In a within-subjects design, 20 participants with multiple sclerosis (MS) and 18 healthy controls (HC) completed two route learning tasks(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the relationship between self-awareness of functional status and performance of Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL), and self-reports of quality of life (QOL) in persons with multiple sclerosis (MS). DESIGN A between-groups design, using a correlational approach to examine the relationship between self-awareness of(More)
BACKGROUND Forgetfulness occurs commonly in people with multiple sclerosis (MS), but few treatments alleviate this problem. OBJECTIVE This study examined the combined effect of two cognitive rehabilitation strategies to improve learning and memory in MS: self-generation and spaced learning. The hypothesis was that the combination of spaced learning and(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the utility of using a self-generation strategy to improve learning and performance of everyday functional tasks in persons with multiple sclerosis (MS). DESIGN Mixed-design with both a within- and between-subject factor. SETTING Nonprofit rehabilitation research institution. PARTICIPANTS Participants (n=20) with MS and healthy(More)
The present study examined the relationship between executive function, self-awareness and everyday functional competence in individuals with brain injuries. Executive function was assessed using measures of categorization and deductive reasoning ability, both of which were shown by multiple regression analysis to make significant contributions to the(More)