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OBJECTIVES To conduct evidence-based review of cognitive rehabilitation intervention research conducted in persons with multiple sclerosis (MS), to classify level of evidence, and to generate recommendations for interventions in this area. DATA SOURCES An open (no year limits set) search of Medline, PsychInfo, and CINAHL (eliminating repetitions) using(More)
The present study examined the utility of using spaced learning trials (when trials are distributed over time) versus massed learning trials (consecutive learning trials) in the acquisition of everyday functional tasks. In a within-subjects design, 20 participants with multiple sclerosis (MS) and 18 healthy controls (HC) completed two route learning tasks(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM Persons with brain injury frequently demonstrate decreased ability to monitor and apply strategies learned in treatment to everyday situations. The aim of this study is to refine, explore and provide preliminary testing of the multicontext approach in promoting strategy use across situations and increasing self-regulation, awareness and(More)
Research has indicated that many people with traumatic brain injury (TBI) experience learning and memory difficulties because of impairments in the initial acquisition of information. We examined a strategy, the spacing effect, known to enhance new learning in a laboratory setting in healthy control participants (HCs) and in people with TBI. The spacing(More)
BACKGROUND Forgetfulness occurs commonly in people with multiple sclerosis (MS), but few treatments alleviate this problem. OBJECTIVE This study examined the combined effect of two cognitive rehabilitation strategies to improve learning and memory in MS: self-generation and spaced learning. The hypothesis was that the combination of spaced learning and(More)
This experiment was designed to investigate the varying conditions of contextual interference within three age groups. 40 5-yr.-olds, 40 7-yr.-olds, and 40 11-yr.-olds practiced the task of throwing beanbags under either low contextual interference (blocked practice), high contextual interference (random practice), or medium contextual interference(More)
AIM To examine the effects of an awareness training protocol embedded within the practice of instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs) in participants with acquired brain injury on levels of self-awareness and functional performance. METHODS This study used a randomized control trial design: 10 participants with moderate-to-severe brain injury(More)
BACKGROUND Recently, a brief cognitive assessment (Brief International Cognitive Assessment for Multiple Sclerosis: BICAMS) has been recommended for use with patients diagnosed with multiple sclerosis (MS) to screen for cognitive impairments. However, the relationship between the BICAMS and everyday life activity has not been examined. The aim of this study(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the relations between community activities and satisfaction with these activities, desires to change them, and global life satisfaction. DESIGN Interview study with follow-up 1 month after rehabilitation discharge and 12 months postinjury. SETTING Community. PARTICIPANTS One hundred sixty-two individuals hospitalized with(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine self-awareness of neurobehavioral symptoms in multiple sclerosis (MS) across three domains of function (apathy, disinhibition, and executive control), and examine the relationship between self-awareness and cognitive functioning. METHODS Twenty-six individuals with MS completed neuropsychological testing, measures of emotional(More)