Yael Goldfarb

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Surgery may render patients susceptible to life-threatening complications, including infections and later metastases. Suppression of cell mediated immunity (CMI) and perturbations in the cytokine network were implicated in these outcomes. The current study assessed the effects of various surgeries on a wide array of immune indices, and compared patients'(More)
Orphanin FQ/nociceptin (OFQ/N) is a neuropeptide implicated in immunomodulation. Here, we show that endogenous and exogenous OFQ/N modulated the cytokine response to the bacterial superantigen staphylococcal enterotoxin A (SEA). Specifically, OFQ/N enhanced TNFalpha and IFNgamma transcripts in the spleen when injected prior to SEA challenge. Moreover, mice(More)
Immune stimulation by biological response modifiers is a common approach in tumor immunotherapy. IL-12 was found effective in various animal studies, but clinical trials showed limited success. However, among other differences, animal models do not simulate psychological or physiological stress while employing IL-12, whereas cancer patients often experience(More)
It has previously been reported that general learning ability (GLA) correlates positively with exploratory tendencies in individual outbred mice. This finding suggests the possibility that variations in stress reactivity modulate GLA and thus its relationship to exploratory tendencies. Here, the authors investigated the potential role of stress reactivity(More)
Staphylococcal enterotoxin A (SEA) is a microbial superantigen that activates T-lymphocytes and induces production of various cytokines, including tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha). Previously, it was shown that SEA activates the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and augments gustatory neophobic behaviors. In the present study, it was hypothesized(More)
Bi-directional influences between stress hormones and immune responses have been repeatedly documented, however, in the clinical setting they are rarely considered when immunotherapeutic approaches are used or studied in patients. As some immunotherapeutic treatments have shown great potential in animal models but have had limited success in patients, we(More)
We recently reported that immune stimulation can be compromised if animals are simultaneously subjected to stressful conditions. To test the generalizability of these findings, and to elucidate neuroendocrine mediating mechanisms, we herein employed CpG-C, a novel TLR-9 immune-stimulating agent. Animals were subjected to ongoing stress (20-h of wet cage(More)
The Lewis (LEW) rat strain is highly susceptible to a large number of experimentally induced inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. The Lewis resistant (LER) rat strain, which reportedly arose as a spontaneous mutation in a closed colony of LEW rats, is resistant to many of these disorders. The mechanism of resistance is not yet clear. We report the analysis(More)
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