Yael Asher

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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Low level laser irradiation (LLLI) is used to promote wound healing. Molecularly it is known to stimulate mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), cytokine secretion, and cell proliferation. This study was designed to determine the influence of LLLI on the kinetics of MMP stimulation and decay, specific cytokine gene expression, and(More)
A polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test based on primers flanking the 132 bp tandem repeat in pathogenic MDV-1 DNA was developed. These primers amplify a dimer or a trimer 132 bp repeat in pathogenic MDV-1 DNA from blood and organs of commercial chickens with Marek's disease (MD) symptoms. Using the same primers in a radioactive PCR test, it was possible to(More)
A radioactive PCR test was developed that amplified the very virulent Marek's disease virus-1 (vvMDV-1) DNA sequence containing the 132 bp repeats. In apathogenic MDV-1 (CVI 988, Rispens), amplified DNA bands containing multiple copies of 132 bp repeats were identified. In the present study this PCR technique was used to monitor the passage level of vvMDV-1(More)
Thermomechanical Analysis (TMA), using the parallel-plate-rheometer mode of the DuPont 943 TMA, was used to evaluate the softening properties of frozen aqueous carbohydrate model systems. A sample (of fixed dimension) of frozen solution was placed between the parallel plates and cooled to -80 degrees C. The sample was then heated at a linear heating rate of(More)
A DNA segment of the MDV-1 BamHI-D fragment was sequenced, and the open reading frames (ORFs) present in the 4556 nucleotide fragment were analyzed by computer programs. Computer analysis identified 19 putative ORFs in the sequence ranging from a coding capacity of 37 amino acids (aa) (ORF-1a) to 684aa (ORF-1). The special properties of four ORFs (1a, 1, 2,(More)
The phenotype of pathogenicity by direct intracerebral inoculation of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) was mapped in the viral genome. This phenotype could be rescued by cotransfection of unit length HSV-1 DNA of an avirulent strain with the BamHI fragment L (0.70-0.738 map units) cloned from a virulent strain. The virulence function was localized in the(More)
The expression of both the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) ORF BHRF1 and the cellular protooncogene bcl-2 was studied in EBV-transformed lymphoblastoid B cells from patients with the human genetic disorder ataxia-telangiectasia (A-T). Using the Northern blot technique, it was found that the pattern of transcription of the BHRF1 gene in A-T lymphoblastoids(More)
Infection with HSV-1 is accompanied by the shut-off of cellular gene expression. The virion-associated function is encoded by the viral gene UL41. An HSV-1 mutant, vhs-1, which has a genomic deletion in the UL41 gene, is incapable of inducing the shut-off of cellular gene expression. The effect of HSV-1 infection on the shut-off of the cellular genes (or(More)
Phosphonoacetic acid (PAA) inhibits the replication of herpes simplex virus in BSC-1 cells and the in vitro synthesis of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) in isolated nuclei. Phosphonopropionic acid at a concentration of 100 mug/ml had no effect on herpes simplex virus replication. PAA-resistant mutants were obtained at a rate of 1 in 10(4) plaque-forming units(More)
Herpesviruses evolved from an ancestral viral genome that contained five blocks of genes which provide the members of this family of viruses with structural and enzymatic properties. These genes allow the herpesviruses to infect a host by entering into the nuclei of the cells, the site of replication and transcription of the viral DNA. The viral mRNAs are(More)