Learn More
A polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test based on primers flanking the 132 bp tandem repeat in pathogenic MDV-1 DNA was developed. These primers amplify a dimer or a trimer 132 bp repeat in pathogenic MDV-1 DNA from blood and organs of commercial chickens with Marek's disease (MD) symptoms. Using the same primers in a radioactive PCR test, it was possible to(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Low level laser irradiation (LLLI) is used to promote wound healing. Molecularly it is known to stimulate mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), cytokine secretion, and cell proliferation. This study was designed to determine the influence of LLLI on the kinetics of MMP stimulation and decay, specific cytokine gene expression, and(More)
A DNA segment of the MDV-1 BamHI-D fragment was sequenced, and the open reading frames (ORFs) present in the 4556 nucleotide fragment were analyzed by computer programs. Computer analysis identified 19 putative ORFs in the sequence ranging from a coding capacity of 37 amino acids (aa) (ORF-1a) to 684aa (ORF-1). The special properties of four ORFs (1a, 1, 2,(More)
The wild type NIH strain of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) has a mixed plaque morphology of both large and small plaques. From this virus we selected a large plaque isolate that was a high producer of thymidine kinase (TK) activity (designated TK+) and a small plaque isolate that produced 25 per cent of the TK activity of the large plaque mutant(More)
Ultraviolet irradiation of herpes simplex virus (HSV) did not affect the transfer of uncoated virus DNA to the nuclei of infected cells but the synthesis of virus DNA was suppressed. The virus-specific DNA polymerase was synthesized in cells infected with the u.v.-irradiated HF strain of HSV. In cells infected with the u.v.-irradiated KOS strain, the virus(More)
The phenotype of pathogenicity by direct intracerebral inoculation of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) was mapped in the viral genome. This phenotype could be rescued by cotransfection of unit length HSV-1 DNA of an avirulent strain with the BamHI fragment L (0.70–0.738 map units) cloned from a virulent strain. The virulence function was localized in the(More)
Phosphonoacetic acid (PAA) inhibits the replication of herpes simplex virus in BSC-1 cells and the in vitro synthesis of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) in isolated nuclei. Phosphonopropionic acid at a concentration of 100 mug/ml had no effect on herpes simplex virus replication. PAA-resistant mutants were obtained at a rate of 1 in 10(4) plaque-forming units(More)
Thermomechanical Analysis (TMA), using the parallel-plate-rheometer mode of the DuPont 943 TMA, was used to evaluate the softening properties of frozen aqueous carbohydrate model systems. A sample (of fixed dimension) of frozen solution was placed between the parallel plates and cooled to -80 degrees C. The sample was then heated at a linear heating rate of(More)
A radioactive PCR test was developed that amplified the very virulent Marek's disease virus-1 (vvMDV-1) DNA sequence containing the 132 bp repeats. In apathogenic MDV-1 (CVI 988, Rispens), amplified DNA bands containing multiple copies of 132 bp repeats were identified. In the present study this PCR technique was used to monitor the passage level of vvMDV-1(More)