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We report the results of two experiments designed to clarify the spatial and temporal characteristics of the positive deflection that follows the error related negativity (ERN) elicited to incorrect responses in speeded reaction time tasks. Principal components analysis (PCA) indicates that the positive deflection reported to follow the ERN is composed of(More)
This study assessed whether two ERP components that are elicited by unexpected events interact. The conditions that are known to elicit the N400 and the P300 ERP components were applied separately and in combination to terminal-words in sentences. Each sentence ended with a terminal-word that was highly expected, semantically unexpected, physically deviant,(More)
Entry into adolescence is marked by dramatic changes resulting from a dynamic interplay among biological and psychosocial processes. Despite the complexity, development is often indexed only by age in event-related potential (ERP) studies. To broaden this approach, we address the effects of gender and pubertal development, along with age, in adolescents(More)
A Brain Computer Interface (BCI) is a device that allows the user to communicate with the world without utilizing voluntary muscle activity (i.e., using only the electrical activity of the brain). It makes use of the well-studied observation that the brain reacts differently to different stimuli, as a function of the level of attention allotted to the(More)
We report the results of an experiment designed to elucidate the extent to which the error related ERP components are affected by response and stimulus similarity. We examined the ERPs under varying degrees of mismatch between the representations of actual and appropriate responses. We replicated the design used in an earlier study, which demonstrated that(More)
The study evaluates error and feedback related processing in children with Specific Language Impairment (SLI), and in age and gender matched controls. Participants performed two tasks which varied in the extent to which feedback was provided following each response. Although no group differences were found in accuracy and response time measures, children(More)
We report an analysis of the componential structure of the event-related potentials (ERPs) elicited when 8-10-year-old children err. We demonstrated previously that the positive deflection that follows the error-related negativity (ERN) in young adults is a combination of two ERP components, a fronto-central positive component and a P300. As these findings(More)
A wheelchair-mounted robotic arm (WMRA) system was designed and built to meet the needs of mobilityimpaired persons with limitations of upper extremities, and to exceed the capabilities of current devices of this type. The control of this 9-degree-of-freedom system expands upon conventional control methods and combines the 7-DoF robotic arm control with the(More)