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MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are approximately 22 nt-long non-coding RNA molecules, believed to play important roles in gene regulation. We present a comprehensive analysis of the conservation and clustering patterns of known miRNAs in human. We show that human miRNA gene clustering is significantly higher than expected at random. A total of 37% of the known human(More)
Virally encoded microRNAs (miRNAs) have recently been discovered in herpesviruses. However, their biological roles are mostly unknown. We developed an algorithm for the prediction of miRNA targets and applied it to human cytomegalovirus miRNAs, resulting in the identification of the major histocompatibility complex class I-related chain B (MICB) gene as a(More)
BACKGROUND Recently, there has been much interest in relating domain-domain interactions (DDIs) to protein-protein interactions (PPIs) and vice versa, in an attempt to understand the molecular basis of PPIs. RESULTS Here we map structurally derived DDIs onto the cellular PPI networks of different organisms and demonstrate that there is a catalog of domain(More)
Specific binding of antigenic peptides to major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I molecules is a prerequisite for their recognition by cytotoxic T-cells. Prediction of MHC-binding peptides must therefore be incorporated in any predictive algorithm attempting to identify immunodominant T-cell epitopes, based on the amino acid sequence of the protein(More)
Identification of immunodominant peptides is the first step in the rational design of peptide vaccines aimed at T-cell immunity. The advances in sequencing techniques and the accumulation of many protein sequences without the purified protein challenge the development of computer algorithms to identify dominant T-cell epitopes based on sequence data alone.(More)
Receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) control a multitude of biological processes and are therefore subjected to multiple levels of regulation. Negative feedback is one of the mechanisms that provide an effective means to control RTK-mediated signaling. Sef has recently been identified as a specific antagonist of fibroblast growth factor (FGF) signaling in(More)
The CRISPR-Cas system represents an RNA-based adaptive immune response system in prokaryotes and archaea. CRISPRs (clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats) consist of arrays of short repeat-sequences interspaced by nonrepetitive short spacers, some of which show sequence similarity to foreign phage genetic elements. Their cistronic(More)
Databases of experimentally determined protein interactions provide information on binary interactions and on involvement in multiprotein complexes. These data are valuable for understanding the general properties of the interaction between proteins as well as for the development of prediction schemes for unknown interactions. Here we analyze experimentally(More)
Small RNAs (sRNAs) associated with the RNA chaperon protein Hfq are key posttranscriptional regulators of gene expression in bacteria. Deciphering the sRNA-target interactome is an essential step toward understanding the roles of sRNAs in the cellular networks. We developed a broadly applicable methodology termed RIL-seq (RNA interaction by ligation and(More)
Binding of peptides to MHC class I molecules is a prerequisite for their recognition by cytotoxic T cells. Consequently, identification of peptides that will bind to a given MHC molecule must constitute a central part of any algorithm for prediction of T-cell antigenic peptides based on the amino acid sequence of the protein. Binding motifs, defined by(More)