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DNA-demethylating agents have shown clinical anti-tumor efficacy via an unknown mechanism of action. Using a combination of experimental and bioinformatics analyses in colorectal cancer cells, we demonstrate that low-dose 5-AZA-CdR targets colorectal cancer-initiating cells (CICs) by inducing viral mimicry. This is associated with induction of dsRNAs(More)
Feature-weight assignment can be regarded as a generalization of feature selection. That is, if all values of featureweights are either 1 or 0, feature-weight assignment degenerates to the special case of feature selection. Generally speaking, a number in 1⁄20; 1 can be assigned to a feature for indicating the importance of the feature. This paper shows(More)
'miR2Disease', a manually curated database, aims at providing a comprehensive resource of microRNA deregulation in various human diseases. The current version of miR2Disease documents 1939 curated relationships between 299 human microRNAs and 94 human diseases by reviewing more than 600 published papers. Around one-seventh of the microRNA-disease(More)
MOTIVATION The development of high-throughput sequencing technologies has enabled novel methods for detecting structural variants (SVs). Current methods are typically based on depth of coverage or pair-end mapping clusters. However, most of these only report an approximate location for each SV, rather than exact breakpoints. RESULTS We have developed(More)
Tumor recurrence following treatment remains a major clinical challenge. Evidence from xenograft models and human trials indicates selective enrichment of cancer-initiating cells (CICs) in tumors that survive therapy. Together with recent reports showing that CIC gene signatures influence patient survival, these studies predict that targeting self-renewal,(More)
Complex numbers appear naturally in biology whenever a system can be analyzed in the frequency domain, such as physiological data from magnetoencephalography (MEG). For example, the MEG steady state response to a modulated auditory stimulus generates a complex magnetic field for each MEG channel, equal to the Fourier transform at the stimulus modulation(More)
Copy number variation (CNV) has been found to play an important role in human disease. Next-generation sequencing technology, including whole-genome sequencing (WGS) and whole-exome sequencing (WES), has become a primary strategy for studying the genetic basis of human disease. Several CNV calling tools have recently been developed on the basis of WES data.(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Differentiating Crohn's disease from intestinal tuberculosis often challenges clinicians in countries where tuberculosis and Crohn's disease coexist. The aim of this study was to screen out clinical, endoscopic and histological features which may be helpful in distinguishing Crohn's disease from intestinal tuberculosis. METHODS 43(More)
There is increasing evidence that some cancers are hierarchically organized, sustained by a relatively rare population of cancer-initiating cells (C-ICs). Although the capacity to initiate tumors upon serial transplantation is a hallmark of all C-ICs, little is known about the genes that control this process. Here, we establish that ID1 and ID3 function(More)
Coke oven workers are regularly exposed to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and have a high risk for lung cancer. Limited evidence has demonstrated a direct link between exposure to PAHs and early genetic damage in exposed workers. The cytokinesis-block micronucleus (CBMN) cytome assay is a comprehensive system for measuring DNA damage and(More)