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Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) represents a valuable choice in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC); however, local recurrence of HCC is common after RFA. Here, 20 primary HCC patients treated by RFA were enrolled. Before (termed 0d) and after RFA treatment for 1 and 7 days (termed 1d and 7d, respectively), plasma and noncancerous tissue were collected. ELISA(More)
Viral diarrhea is a great threat to children’s health in developing countries. We conducted a prospective surveillance study of acute diarrhea of young children at Tianjin Children’s Hospital from April 2008 to April 2009. Viral infections were detected in 356 of the total 766 collected stool specimens (46.48%). Rotavirus infections were the most common(More)
OBJECTIVES To understand the effect of HIV-1 drug resistance mutations in the context of antiretroviral therapy (ART), we compared the prevalence of protease (PR) and reverse transcriptase (RT) mutations in HIV-1 CRF07_BC sequences from blood samples of treatment-naive and ART-treated patients. METHODS Mutation covariation in the RT and PR of HIV-1(More)
CRF_BC recombinant strains were first identified in China and are one of the most prevalent and characteristically unique HIV-1 subtypes across China. Here we aim to review the published data about HIV-1 CRF_BC recombinant strains epidemic in China and to characterize the genetics, biology and drug resistance of this virus. This study may help to better(More)
The genetic evolution of HIV-1 in the central nervous system (CNS) is different from that in peripheral tissues. We analyzed 121 clonal sequences of the V3–V5 regions of the env gene generated from paired cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and plasma samples from nine chronically infected patients (four with HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder (HAND) and five(More)
UNLABELLED Correlated mutations constitute a fundamental idea in evolutionary biology, and understanding correlated mutations will, in turn, facilitate an understanding of the genetic mechanisms governing evolution. CorMut is an R package designed to compute correlated mutations in the unit of codon or amino acid mutation. Three classical methods were(More)
BACKGROUND The polymorphisms involved in drug resistance to non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) in HIV-1 CRF_BC, the most prevalent HIV-1 strain in China, have been poorly characterized. RESULTS To reveal the drug resistance mutations, we compared the gene sequences of pol region of HIV-1 CRF_BC from 631 treatment-naïve and 363(More)
ASPP2 can bind to p53 and enhance the apoptotic capabilities of p53 by guiding it to the promoters of pro-apoptotic genes. Here, ASPP2 overexpression for 24 hours transiently induced apoptosis in hepatoma cells by enhancing the transactivation of p53 on pro-apoptotic gene promoters. However, long-term ASPP2 overexpression (more than 48 hours) failed to(More)
Because the emergence of drug-resistant mutants has limited the efficacy of non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs), it is essential to develop new antivirals with better drug resistance and pharmacokinetic profiles. Here we designed and synthesized a series of 1-[(2-benzyloxyl/alkoxyl)methyl]-5-halo-6-aryluracils, the HEPT analogues, and(More)
The role of cancer stem cells (CSCs) in inducing the recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after radiofrequency ablation (RFA) remains unclear. Here, we found that a dramatic increase in plasma vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and an induction of local CD133+ CSCs are associated with early HCC recurrence, suggesting that VEGF expression and(More)