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BACKGROUND Estrogen deficiency causes atrophic changes within the urogenital tract, and is associated with urinary symptoms. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of estrogen and tibolone on bladder histology, and the changes of estrogen receptor alpha and beta (ERalpha and beta) protein expression in the detrusor muscle. METHODS Forty(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the mechanism of estrogen action on bladder. METHODS By examining the functional, histological and ultrastructural changes that occurred in the bladder of rats with estrogen depletion and supplementation, we studied the actions of estrogen on bladder. A total of 30 female adult Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into 3 groups,(More)
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