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The melanocortin-4 receptor (MC4R) was cloned in 1993 by degenerate PCR; however, its function was unknown. Subsequent studies suggest that the MC4R might be involved in regulating energy homeostasis. This hypothesis was confirmed in 1997 by a series of seminal studies in mice. In 1998, human genetic studies demonstrated that mutations in the MC4R gene can(More)
As economically relevant traits, feeding behavior and food preference domestication determine production cost and profitability. Although there are intensive research efforts on feeding behavior and food intake, little is known about food preference. Mandarin fish accept only live prey fish and refuse dead prey fish or artificial diets. Very little is(More)
The human lutropin receptor (hLHR) is a G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) that plays an essential role in reproductive physiology. The present studies were undertaken to determine whether the hLHR self-associates. We show that high molecular weight complexes of the hLHR can be co-immunoprecipitated from 293 cells transfected with differentially tagged(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated that hydrogen sulfide (H2S) protects against multiple cardiovascular disease states in a similar manner as nitric oxide (NO). H2S therapy also has been shown to augment NO bioavailability and signaling. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of H2S deficiency on endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) function, NO(More)
Since the discovery of the first rhodopsin mutation that causes retinitis pigmentosa in 1990, significant progresses have been made in elucidating the pathophysiology of diseases caused by inactivating mutations of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). This review aims to compile the compelling evidence accumulated during the past 15 years demonstrating the(More)
OBJECTIVE Mutations in the melanocortin-4 receptor gene (MC4R) are the most common monogenic form of human obesity. However, the contribution of MC4R mutations to obesity in Chinese has not been investigated. We studied the frequency of MC4R mutations in an obese southern Chinese population and the functional consequences of the novel variants identified.(More)
The neural melanocortin receptors, melanocortin-3 and -4 receptors (MC3R and MC4R), have been shown to regulate different aspects of energy homeostasis in rodents. Human genetic studies showed that mutations in the MC4R gene are the most common monogenic form of obesity. Functional analyses of the mutant receptors revealed multiple defects. A classification(More)
The melanocortin-4 receptor (MC4R) is a member of the rhodopsin-like G protein-coupled receptor family. The binding of alpha-MSH to the MC4R leads to increased cAMP production. Recent pharmacological and genetic studies have provided compelling evidence that MC4R is an important regulator of food intake and energy homeostasis. Allelic variants of MC4R were(More)
Although melanocortin-4 receptor mutations are the cause of the most common monogenic form of obesity, the involvement of the melanocortin-3 receptor (MC3R) in the pathogenesis of obesity is unknown. Earlier studies failed to identify any mutations in obese patients except for the identification of two variants (K6T and I81V) that likely represent(More)
CONTEXT Whether mutations in the melanocortin-4 receptor (MC4R) are the cause of binge eating disorder was controversial. In addition, the penetrance of mutations in the MC4R in causing obesity was debated. OBJECTIVE We investigated whether MC4R variants identified from obese patients with binge eating disorder (T11A, F51L, T112M, and M200V) and variants(More)