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Amyloid fibrils are components of proteinaceous plaques that are associated with conformational diseases such as Alzheimer's disease, transmissible spongiform encephalopathies, and familial amyloidosis. Amyloid polypeptides share a specific quarternary structure element known as cross-beta structure. Commonly, fibrillar aggregates are modified by advanced(More)
Liver cancer and liver cirrhosis are common causes of death in China, where chronic lifelong hepatitis B infection is a major cause of both diseases. To help determine whether smoking is a cofactor for the development of liver cancer, we ascertained retrospectively the smoking habits of 36,000 adults who had died from liver cancer (cases) and 17,000 who had(More)
Endostatin is a fragment of collagen XVIII that acts as an endogenous inhibitor of tumor angiogenesis and tumor growth. Anti-tumor effects have been described using both soluble and insoluble recombinant endostatin. However, differences in endostatin structure are likely to cause differences in bioactivity. In the present study we have investigated the(More)
The present study was to investigate depression and alterations in the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) and hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid (HPT) axis function in methamphetamine (METH) abusers after abstinence. Depression was assessed using the 13-item Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-13) scale; blood samples from in-patients who were METH abusers and(More)
BACKGROUND Hydrogen-rich saline has been reported to have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects and effectively protect against organ damage. Oxidative stress and inflammation contribute to the pathogenesis and/or development of pulmonary hypertension. In this study, we investigated the effects of hydrogen-rich saline on the prevention of pulmonary(More)
An innovative population-based case-control study was conducted in a national mortality survey to assess the hazards of tobacco use on esophageal cancer among Chinese men. Cases were 19,734 males aged 35 years or older, who died of esophageal cancer during 1986-1988. Controls were 104,846 male living spouses of the same age when their wife died (of any(More)
Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) have recently been shown to play important roles in mammalian host defenses against intracellular pathogens, but the molecular mechanism still needs to be clarified. We confirmed that human MSCs (hMSCs) prestimulated with IFN-γ showed a significant and dose-dependent ability to inhibit the growth of two types of Toxoplasma(More)
A methodology is presented for assessing the toxicity of chemical substances through their inhibitory action toward the Pseudomonas initial oxygen uptake (PIOU) rate. The current studies reveal that the PIOU assay is rapid, cost-efficient, and easy to perform. The oxygen uptake rate was found to be associated with a putative benzoate transporter and highly(More)
OBJECTIVE DNAzyme/Deoxyribozyme is another novel molecular biological tool following the ribozyme. DNAzyme consists of a 15-nucleotide (nt) internal loop as its catalytic domain and two flanking substrate-recognition domains of 7 to 8 nt each which is complementary to substrate. The RNA substrate is cleaved at a particular phosphodiester located between an(More)
Thrombopoietin (TPO) is known to sensitize platelets to other agonists at 20 ng/ml, and above 100 ng/ml it is an independent activator of aggregation and secretion. In studies with a perfusion chamber, TPO, between 0.01 ng/ml and 1 ng/ml, increased platelet adhesion to surface-coated fibrinogen, fibronectin and von Willebrand Factor (VWF) but not to a(More)