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Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized pathologically by selective neuronal loss and by the formation of neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs) and senile plaques (SPs). Since calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II-alpha (CaMKII-alpha), one of the most abundant kinases in the brain, is involved in the phosphorylation of tau and amyloid precursor protein(More)
Emerging evidence has demonstrated the neuroprotection of estrogen in Alzheimer's disease (AD). The hippocampus, an important target of estrogen action, is severely affected in the Alzheimer process. The aim of present study was to detect the distribution of estrogen receptor-α (ER-α) and the relationship between ER-α-containing neurons and the pretangles(More)
Postmenopausal estrogen use may decrease the risk, and delay the onset and progression, of Alzheimer's disease (AD). By means of fluorescence immunocytochemistry, the present study investigated the distribution of estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) in the human hippocampus in controls and in AD cases. ERalpha immunoreactivity was observed in neurons and(More)
The human hippocampus is severely affected in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Because postmenopausal estrogen use may decrease the risk and delay the onset and progression of AD, possibly by a direct action on the hippocampal neurons, we used fluorescence immunocytochemistry to examine the colocalization of estrogen receptor-alpha (ERalpha) and estrogen(More)
The prediction and recognition of promoter in human genome play an important role in DNA sequence analysis. Entropy, in Shannon sense, of information theory is a multiple utility in bioinformatic details analysis. The relative entropy estimator methods based on statistical divergence (SD) are used to extract meaningful features to distinguish different(More)
Deep networks are well known for their powerful function approximations. To train a deep network efficiently, greedy layer-wise pre-training and fine tuning are required. Typically, pre-training, aiming to initialize a deep network, is implemented via unsupervised feature learning, with multiple feature representations generated. However, in general only(More)
Nogo is widely expressed in higher vertebrate animals. Nogo gene gives rise to multiple isoforms. All the subtypes of Nogo proteins are characterized by a 200-amino-acid C-terminal domain, including two long hydrophobic sequences. Biological functions of Nogo include inhibition of neurite growth from the cell surface via specific receptors, intracellular(More)
Nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT), also known as pre-B cell colony-enhancing factor (PBEF) or visfatin, is a crucial rate-limiting enzyme of NAD biosynthetic pathway. It may affect the metabolism, inflammatory response, cell proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis, especially the aging and other physiological progresses through regulating(More)
Phospholipid-mediated signal transduction plays a key role in responses to environmental changes, but little is known about the role of phospholipid signalling in microorganisms. Heat stress (HS) is one of the most important environmental factors. Our previous study found that HS could induce the biosynthesis of the secondary metabolites, ganoderic acids(More)