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Journals and Conferences
We analyze several recently detected gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) with late X-ray flares in the context of late internal shock and late external shock models. We find that the X-ray flares in GRB 050421 and GRB 050502B originate from late internal shocks, while the main X-ray flares in GRB 050406 and GRB 050607 may arise from late external shocks. Under the… (More)
The idea that gamma-ray bursts might be a kind of phenomena associated with neutron star kicks was first proposed by Dar & Plaga (1999). Here we study this mechanism in more detail and point out that the neutron star should be a high speed one (with proper motion larger than ∼ 1000 km/s). It is shown that the model agrees well with observations in many… (More)
A novel rapid synthesis of indoles from N-Ts-2-alkenylanilines has been described; the reaction involves a NIS-mediated cascade C-N bond formation/aromatization, and a series of indoles with various functional groups have been synthesized in good to excellent yields under mild conditions without any other additives or catalysts.
X-ray transients appeared in optically non-active galactic nuclei have been observed in recent years. The most popular model explaining this kind of phenomena is the conventional tidal disruption model. In this model, when a star moves within the tidal radius of a black hole, part of the star materials will fall into the black hole through an accretion… (More)
The conventional generic model is deemed to explain the dynamics of γ-ray burst remnants very well, no matter whether they are adiabatic or highly radiative. However, we find that for adiabatic expansion, the model could not reproduce the Sedov solution in the non-relativistic phase, thus the model needs to be revised. In the present paper, a new… (More)
Flash memory is a kind of common storage device. Its characteristics of flexibility, low power, and so on offer excellent qualifications for embedded system and mobile system. But flash memory must be written after erasure operation, and the most important thing is that the erasure operation times are very limitable. For assurance of long time availability,… (More)
It is believed that orphan afterglow searches can help to measure the beaming angle in gamma-ray bursts (GRBs). Great expectations have been put on this method. We point out that the method is in fact not as simple as we originally expected. Due to the baryon-rich environment that is common to almost all popular progenitor models, there should be many… (More)
Postburst evolution of adiabatic fireballs that produce γ-ray bursts is studied. Emphasis has been put on the transition from the highly relativistic phase to the non-relativistic phase, which, according to our calculation, should happen much earlier than previously expected. The theoretical light curves decline a little sharper at the non-relativistic… (More)
The overall dynamical evolution and radiation mechanism of γ-ray burst jets are briefly introduced. Various interesting topics concerning beaming in γ-ray bursts are discussed, including jet structures, orphan afterglows and cylindrical jets. The possible connection between γ-ray bursts and neutron stars is also addressed.
A facile synthetic approach to a series of chiral 4-chloromethyl-1,4-dihydro-2H-3,1-benzoxazin-2-one derivatives has been described. This transformation is achieved through the catalytic asymmetric chlorocyclization of 2-vinylphenylcarbamates using a newly developed organocatalyst. Furthermore, the resulting products can be easily converted into diverse… (More)