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Resveratrol has been shown to have anticarcinogenic activity. We previously found that resveratrol inhibited growth and induced apoptosis in 2 human melanoma cell lines. In this study we determined whether resveratrol would inhibit human melanoma xenograft growth. Athymic mice received control diets or diets containing 110 micromol/L or 263 micromol/L(More)
We had previously found that selective restriction of amino acids inhibits invasion of human A375 melanoma. Integrins, cell surface receptors for the components of extracellular matrix (ECM), are activated during cell adhesion and spreading, and initiate signaling pathways that control growth and invasion of tumor cells. We examined the effect of tyrosine(More)
We previously found that selective restriction of amino acids inhibits invasion of two androgen-independent human prostate cancer cell lines, DU145 and PC3. Here we show that the restriction of tyrosine (Tyr) and phenylalanine (Phe), methionine (Met) or glutamine (Gln) modulates the activity of G proteins and affects the balance between two actin-binding(More)
Androgen-independent prostate cancer is resistant to therapy and is often metastatic. Here we studied the effect of deprivation of tyrosine and phenylalanine (Tyr/Phe), glutamine (Gln), or methionine (Met), in vitro on human DU145 and PC3 androgen-independent prostate cancer cells, and on nontumorigenic human infant foreskin fibroblasts and human prostate(More)
Relative specific amino acid dependency is one of the metabolic abnormalities of cancer cells, and restriction of specific amino acids induces apoptosis of prostate cancer cells. This study shows that restriction of tyrosine and phenylalanine (Tyr/Phe), glutamine (Gln), or methionine (Met), modulates Raf and Akt survival pathways and affects the function of(More)
Selective amino acid restriction targets mitochondria to induce apoptosis of DU145 and PC3 prostate cancer cells. Biochemical assays and flow cytometry were uitilized to analyze the glucose consumption, lactate production, pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH), nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD)/NADH and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADP)/NADPH(More)
We previously found that dietary tyrosine (Tyr) and phenylalanine (Phe) limitation significantly decreased the metastatic phenotype of B16BL6 melanoma cells in vivo and decreased the in vitro invasion of these cells. To more specifically characterize the effects of Tyr and Phe deprivation we examined the three steps involved in invasion: attachment to host(More)
Tetrahydrobiopterin (BH₄) deficiency is a genetic disorder associated with a variety of metabolic syndromes such as phenylketonuria (PKU). In this article, the signaling pathway by which BH₄ deficiency inactivates mTORC1 leading to the activation of the autophagic pathway was studied utilizing BH₄-deficient Spr(-/-) mice generated by the knockout of the(More)
Relative specific amino acid dependency is one of the metabolic abnormalities of melanoma cells and metabolic studies of this dependency are in their infancy. Herein, we review the current studies in this area and present new information that adds to the understanding of how tyrosine (Tyr) and phenylalanine (Phe) dependency as well as other amino acids(More)
Deprivation of tyrosine (Tyr) and phenylalanine (Phe) inhibits growth and induces programmed cell death (apoptosis) of human A375 melanoma cells. Herein, we found that activation of caspases and release of mitochondrial cytochrome c are required for this process. Culturing A375 cells in Tyr/Phe-free medium, containing 10% dialyzed fetal bovine serum,(More)