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BACKGROUND Individuals with incomplete spinal cord injury (SCI) are predisposed to muscle fatigue during voluntary exercise. However, the origin of fatigue is unclear. OBJECTIVE The authors examined the motoneuron excitability, muscle activation level, and fatigue properties of the flexor carpi radialis muscle, just below the level of injury. METHODS(More)
Lung adenocarcinoma cells harboring epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations are sensitive to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), including gefitinib. Acquired resistance to EGFR-TKIs develops after prolonged treatments. The study was prompt to explore effective strategies against resistance to EGFR-TKIs. We established gefitinib resistant PC-9(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The increasing availability of robot-assisted therapy (RT), which provides quantifiable, reproducible, interactive, and intensive practice, holds promise for stroke rehabilitation, but data on its dose-response relation are scanty. This study used 2 different intensities of RT to examine the treatment effects of RT and the effect on(More)
The aim of this study was to examine the change of the intermuscular cross-correlation and coherence of the rectus femoris (RF), vastus medialis (VM) and vastus lateralis (VL) during exhausting stepping exercise. Eleven healthy adults repeated the stepping exercise up to their individual endurance limits (RPE score reached 20), and the cross-correlation and(More)
Human papillomavirus (HPV) 52 and 58 are oncogenic HPV types prevalent in Asia. Our study aims to explore intratypic variants of HPV 52 and 58 in Taiwan. A total of 11,923 women were enrolled from seven townships in 1991-1992. HPV DNA in their cervical cells was detected and typed by EasyChip® HPV blot. Among 424 participants infected with HPV 52 and/or 58,(More)
Suboptimal repair occurs in a peripheral nerve gap, which can be partially restored by bridging the gap with various biosynthetic conduits or cell-based therapy. In this study, we developed a combination of chitosan coating approach to induce neurosphere cells from human adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) on chitosan-coated plate and then applied these cells(More)
Electromyographic (EMG) recordings may serve an important role in predicting torque during repetitive activation of paralyzed muscle. We compared the initial M-wave to the subsequent M-waves of the same train under fatigued and recovered conditions in the paralyzed human soleus muscle. Sixteen individuals with chronic (n = 13) or acute paralysis (n = 3) had(More)
This paper describes the fabrication of a highly efficient, non-cytotoxic drug delivery platform designed for photodynamic therapy (PDT): phospholipid-capped, protoporphyrin IX-loaded and FITC-sensitized mesoporous silica nanocarriers (Lipo-FMSNs/PpIX). After derivatization with folate on the phospholipid-capped FMSNs (denoted fa-Lipo-FMSNs/PpIX, the(More)
The fatigability of paralyzed muscle limits its ability to deliver physiological loads to paralyzed extremities during repetitive electrical stimulation. The purposes of this study were to determine the reliability of measuring paralyzed muscle fatigue and to develop a model to predict the temporal changes in muscle fatigue that occur after spinal cord(More)
Effective treatments for multiple sclerosis (MS)-associated central fatigue have not been established. Surface functional electrical stimulation (FES), which can challenge the peripheral neuromuscular system without overloading the central nervous system, is a relatively safe therapeutic strategy. We investigated the effect of 8 weeks of surface FES(More)