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The ENCyclopedia Of DNA Elements (ENCODE) Project aims to identify all functional elements in the human genome sequence. The pilot phase of the Project is focused on a specified 30 megabases (È1%) of the human genome sequence and is organized as an international consortium of computational and laboratory-based scientists working to develop and apply(More)
Systemic nicotine stimulates dopamine (DA) release in the nucleus accumbens (NAcc), and N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors in the ventral tegmental area (VTA) appear to be involved. However, it is not known whether the secretion of DA elicited by nicotine depends on the tonic and/or phasic activation of NMDA receptors by glutamate (Glu). To clarify this,(More)
Previous studies have shown that nicotine stimulates norepinephrine (NE) release in the rat hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus, which in turn activates the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis. In the present study, nicotine induced NE release in the amygdala (AMYG) and the hippocampus (HP) of the same rat in vivo. Nicotine (0.065-0.135 mg/kg i.v. at a rate(More)
KamLAND has measured the flux of nu;(e)'s from distant nuclear reactors. We find fewer nu;(e) events than expected from standard assumptions about nu;(e) propagation at the 99.95% C.L. In a 162 ton.yr exposure the ratio of the observed inverse beta-decay events to the expected number without nu;(e) disappearance is 0.611+/-0.085(stat)+/-0.041(syst) for(More)
A gene related to cell differentiation was identified by differential display as a candidate suppressor of metastases in colon cancer. This gene, with a full-length cDNA of 3 kb, is expressed in normal colon and primary colon cancer tissues and cell lines but not in their metastatic counterparts. A GenBank search found that it is identical to a recently(More)
The Candida albicans PLB1 gene was cloned using a polymerase chain reaction-based approach relying on degenerate oligonucleotide primers designed according to the amino acid sequences of two peptide fragments obtained from a purified candidal enzyme displaying phospholipase activity (Mirbod, F., Banno, Y., Ghannoum, M. A., Ibrahim, A. S., Nakashima, S.,(More)
Nicotine has been shown to be a potent stimulus for the secretion of the stress-responsive hormones, adrenocorticotropin (ACTH) and prolactin. This paper reviews the findings by our laboratory and others that demonstrate the polysynaptic pathways involved in the neuroendocrine responses to systemic nicotine. It will focus primarily on the(More)
Nicotinic cholinergic receptors in the ventral tegmental area are required for the accumbal dopamine response to systemic nicotine. In contrast, the role of nicotinic receptors located within the nucleus accumbens itself has not been clarified for systemically administered nicotine. In the present study, in vivo microdialysis of accumbal dopamine secretion(More)
Norepinephrine (NE) secretion within the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) is pivotal to endocrine and behavioral responses. Activation of NE afferents to PVN also is necessary for the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis response to passively administered nicotine. The mode of drug delivery is a critical determinant of the dynamics of(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Annexin V, the long established standard method of measuring phosphatidylserine (PS) exposure, is not the most suitable probe for the study of stored platelets because of calcium dependence and low sensitivity under 8% PS exposure. The aim of this study was to show lactadherin as a sensitive probe for PS exposure and an effective(More)