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BACKGROUND Previous population association studies have indicated that certain alleles of alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) and aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) may reduce the risk of alcoholism in Asian populations. The association of ALDH2 and ADH2 with the development of alcoholism was found to be independent of each other and has been replicated in different(More)
Previous population association studies have indicated that certain alleles of alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) and aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) genes may reduce the risk of alcoholism in Oriental populations. In this report we determined the genotypes for three genes, ADH2, ADH3, and ALDH2 among subjects with alcohol dependence (n = 159) and ethnically matched(More)
This study aims to examine the relationship between the functional polymorphism at the promoter region of the dopamine D2 receptor (DRD2) gene (i.e. -141C Ins/Del) and variable number of tandem repeat polymorphism at the 3' untranslated region of the dopamine transporter (DAT) gene (SLC6A3) with alcoholism in a case-control study. The cases (n = 203) were(More)
The relevance of circulating immune complexes, plasma complement activation, and serum antibodies against discrete antigens of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, to the clinical course in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) is unknown. We related these factors to outcome in 49 patients with CF colonized by P. aeruginosa, comparing 14 who died of lung disease with 35(More)
Resistin, the peptide specifically secreted from adipocytes, is a hormone antagonistic to insulin action and, thus, may serve as a link between human obesity due to adiposity and insulin resistance associated with type 2 diabetes. To test this hypothesis, we studied the gene expression of resistin in adipocytes isolated from rats fed with a fructose diet(More)
Previous studies examining the putative association between DRD2 TaqI A1 and alcoholism have produced conflicting results. Major critiques of such studies include potential confounding arising from population admixture by inappropriate selection of controls, failure to screen out substance abusers from controls, and the failure to assess the severity of(More)
Recent studies demonstrate in vivo and in vitro cytokine dysregulation in CF epithelial cells. To see if these abnormalities may be generalized to other cells expressing cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) but not directly exposed to local inflammation, we studied mRNA transcription, intracellular protein production and extracellular(More)
The alternatively spliced 8-amino-acid exon for the GABAA receptor gamma2 subunit gene (GABRC2) has been postulated to mediate behavioral actions of alcohol. A rapid search for splice-junction mutations near the 8-amino-acid exon using restriction enzymes which normally recognize sequences near or in the exon gave negative results among 217 alcoholics in(More)
The role of the western black-legged tick (Ixodes pacificus) versus that of other potential arthropod vectors in the epidemiology of Lyme disease was evaluated by determining the prevalence of anti-arthropod saliva antibodies (AASA) among residents (n = 104) of a community at high-risk (CHR). Salivary gland extracts prepared from I. pacificus, the Pacific(More)