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The protoapigenone analogue WYC02-9, a novel synthetic flavonoid, has been shown to act against a variety of experimental tumors. However, its effects on prostate cancer and its mechanism of action are unknown. Thus, WYC02-9 was investigated for its cytotoxicity against DU145 prostate cancer cells, as was the underlying mechanisms by which WYC02-9 might(More)
Although studies have shown 17beta-estradiol (E2) administration following trauma-hemorrhage (T-H) attenuates alterations in T cell cytokine production, it remains unknown whether such effects of E2 are mediated via genomic or non-genomic pathways. In this study, we determined the non-genomic effects of E2 on splenic T cell cytokine production and the role(More)
Prostate cancer, the most frequently diagnosed malignancy in elderly males of the United States, has become a major health issue in Asia. Previous studies have demonstrated that leaf extracts of Toona sinensis Roem. contain cytotoxic activity on several cancer cells including prostate cancer cells. In this study, gallic acid is identified as the major(More)
BACKGROUND The development of metabolic perturbations following severe trauma/sepsis leading to decreased energy production, hyperglycemia, and lipolysis is often rapid. Gender is increasingly recognized as a major factor in the outcome of patients suffering from trauma/sepsis. Moreover, sex hormones influence energy, glucose, and lipid metabolism.(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the entire process of autophagy in the left ventricle of septic mice, and the functional significance of autophagy by using pharmacological agents. BACKGROUND Myocardial dysfunction is a common feature in sepsis and contributes to an increased risk of developing multiple organ failure. Autophagy functions predominantly as a(More)
p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) activates a number of heat shock proteins (HSPs), including HSP27 and alpha(B)-crystallin, in response to stress. Activation of HSP27 or alpha(B)-crystallin is known to protect organs/cells by increasing the stability of actin microfilaments. Although our previous studies showed that 17beta-estradiol (E(2))(More)
Although previous studies have shown that flutamide improves cardiovascular function after trauma-hemorrhage, the mechanisms responsible for the salutary effect remain unknown. We hypothesized that flutamide mediates its beneficial effects via an estrogen-dependent pathway through upregulation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma coactivator(More)
Accumulating evidence suggests that endogenous dopamine may act as a neurotoxin and thereby participate in the pathophysiology of Parkinson's disease (PD). Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of PD due to its ability to generate reactive oxygen species (ROS). Inhibition of COX-2 leads to neuroprotection by preventing the(More)
Although 17beta-estradiol (E2) administration after trauma-hemorrhage (T-H) reduces tissue neutrophil sequestration in male rodents, it remains unknown which of the estrogen receptor (ER) subtypes mediates this effect and whether the same ER subtype is involved in all the tissues. We hypothesized that the salutary effects of E2 on attenuation of neutrophil(More)
Previous studies have shown that a decrease in protein kinase C (PKC) alpha levels contributes to hepatic failure and/or apoptosis during sepsis, and suppression of PKCalpha plays a critical role in triggering caspase-dependent apoptosis, which can modulate expression of Bcl-xL. However, the underlying molecular mechanism remains uncertain. In the present(More)