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Prostate cancer, the most frequently diagnosed malignancy in elderly males of the United States, has become a major health issue in Asia. Previous studies have demonstrated that leaf extracts of Toona sinensis Roem. contain cytotoxic activity on several cancer cells including prostate cancer cells. In this study, gallic acid is identified as the major(More)
The protoapigenone analogue WYC02-9, a novel synthetic flavonoid, has been shown to act against a variety of experimental tumors. However, its effects on prostate cancer and its mechanism of action are unknown. Thus, WYC02-9 was investigated for its cytotoxicity against DU145 prostate cancer cells, as was the underlying mechanisms by which WYC02-9 might(More)
Although studies have shown 17beta-estradiol (E2) administration following trauma-hemorrhage (T-H) attenuates alterations in T cell cytokine production, it remains unknown whether such effects of E2 are mediated via genomic or non-genomic pathways. In this study, we determined the non-genomic effects of E2 on splenic T cell cytokine production and the role(More)
PGC-1alpha (peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor [PPARgamma] coactivator-1alpha) activates PPARalpha and mitochondrial transcription factor A (Tfam), which regulate proteins, fatty acid and ATP metabolism (i.e., FAT/CD36, MCAD, and COX I). Recently we found that the salutary effects of estradiol (E2) on cardiac function following trauma-hemorrhage(More)
Although 17beta-estradiol (E2) administration after trauma-hemorrhage (T-H) reduces tissue neutrophil sequestration in male rodents, it remains unknown which of the estrogen receptor (ER) subtypes mediates this effect and whether the same ER subtype is involved in all the tissues. We hypothesized that the salutary effects of E2 on attenuation of neutrophil(More)
BACKGROUND The development of metabolic perturbations following severe trauma/sepsis leading to decreased energy production, hyperglycemia, and lipolysis is often rapid. Gender is increasingly recognized as a major factor in the outcome of patients suffering from trauma/sepsis. Moreover, sex hormones influence energy, glucose, and lipid metabolism.(More)
Although previous studies have shown that flutamide improves cardiovascular function after trauma-hemorrhage, the mechanisms responsible for the salutary effect remain unknown. We hypothesized that flutamide mediates its beneficial effects via an estrogen-dependent pathway through upregulation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma coactivator(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the entire process of autophagy in the left ventricle of septic mice, and the functional significance of autophagy by using pharmacological agents. BACKGROUND Myocardial dysfunction is a common feature in sepsis and contributes to an increased risk of developing multiple organ failure. Autophagy functions predominantly as a(More)
Although 17beta-estradiol administration following trauma-hemorrhage attenuates plasma cytokines and alteration in immune cell cytokine production, it is not known whether the salutary effects are mediated via estrogen receptor (ER)-alpha or ER-beta. Accordingly, we examined which ER subtype predominantly mediates the salutary effects of 17beta-estradiol on(More)
Although 17beta-estradiol (E2) administration following trauma-hemorrhage (T-H) improves cardiac function in male rodents, it is not known whether the salutary effects of E2 are mediated via estrogen receptor (ER)-alpha or ER-beta, and whether cardiac heat shock proteins (Hsp) are affected by E2 administration. Male Sprague-Dawley rats underwent T-H (mean(More)