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We identified a gene of Autographa californica nuclear polyhedrosis virus (AcMNPV) that encodes a small cysteine-rich polypeptide which has size and sequence similarity to omega-conotoxins, a class of calcium ion (Ca2+) channel inhibitors, found in the venom of cone snails. Transcriptional analysis indicated that the 159-bp open reading frame, which we(More)
Autographa california nuclear polyhedrosis virus (AcMNPV) contains a gene, ptp, encoding a protein tyrosine/serine phosphatase, BV-PTP. To investigate the biological function of ptp in the baculoviral replication cycle, we constructed a recombinant baculovirus, vPTPdel, in which the catalytically active site of BV-PTP was deleted. Although the vPTPdel(More)
A trans-acting gene required for late viral gene expression in transient expression assays was identified in the genome of Autographa californica nuclear polyhedrosis virus. A genomic library of A. californica nuclear polyhedrosis virus DNA lacking a clone spanning the region from 43 to 48 map units (mu) was unable to activate gene expression from a(More)
Autographa californica nuclear polyhedrosis virus (AcMNPV) potentially encodes a 215-amino acid polypeptide containing 6 out of 11 motifs conserved among eukaryotic protein kinases (Morris et al., Virology 200, 360-369, 1994). We examined the expression of this gene, named pk2, at the transcriptional and translational levels and the possible role of the(More)
We have characterized the expression of a baculoviral gene, ptp, and determined the location of its gene product, a protein tyrosine/serine phosphatase (BV-PTP), during virus infection. Using an antibody raised to a BV-PTP fusion to glutathione S-transferase, we found that ptp was expressed as a 19 kDa polypeptide at late times during virus infection.(More)
Cullin 4A (Cul4A) has been observed to be overexpressed in various cancers. In this study, the role of Cul4A in the growth and chemosensitivity in lung cancer cells were studied. We showed that Cul4A is overexpressed in lung cancer cells and tissues. Knockdown of the Cul4A expression by shRNA in lung cancer cells resulted in decreased cellular proliferation(More)
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