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Three new butanolides, kotomolide A (1), isokotomolide A (2), and kotomolide B (3), and a new secobutanolide, secokotomolide A (4), along with 21 known compounds were isolated from the leaves of Cinnamomum kotoense. Their structures were determined by spectroscopic analyses. Compound 4 was found to induce significant cell death in the human HeLa cell line.(More)
The Wnt/β-catenin pathway has been implicated in leukemogenesis. We found β-catenin abnormally accumulated in both human acute T cell leukemia Jurkat cells and human erythroleukemia HEL cells. β-Catenin can be significantly down-regulated by the Janus kinase 2 specific inhibitor AG490 in these two cells. AG490 also reduces the luciferase activity of a(More)
Saikosaponin C is one of the saikosaponins that are consisted in a Chinese herb, Radix Bupleuri. Recently, saikosaponins have been reported to have properties of cell growth inhibition, inducing cancer cells differentiation and apoptosis. However, saikosaponin C had no correlation with cell growth inhibition. In this study, we investigated the role of(More)
Sevoflurane is an inhalation anesthetic used for general anesthesia. Several studies have demonstrated that reactive oxygen species (ROS) exist in cardioprotection when preconditioned with sevoflurane. Moreover, sevoflurane can also directly trigger the formation of peroxynitrite. Up to now, information pertinent to the effect of sevoflurane on cellular(More)
Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) is the primary inhibitor of both tissue- and urokinase-type plasminogen activators (t-PA, u-PA). PAI-1 also regulates the attachment of cells to the adhesive glycoprotein vitronectin (VN). PAI-1 gene expression has been observed in various cell types, and many regulatory factors have been identified to play a role(More)
Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) is increasingly used in a number of areas of medical practice, such as selected problem infections and wounds. The beneficial effects of HBO in treating ischemia-related wounds may be mediated by stimulating angiogenesis. We sought to investigate VEGF, the main angiogenic regulator, regulated by HBO in human umbilical vein(More)
One of the biological effects of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy in enhancing ischemia-related wound healing is the induction of angiogenesis. To elucidate the mechanism(s) underlying the HBO-induced angiogenesis, we studied the expression of several angiogenesis-related genes in human umbilical vein endothelial cells exposed to HBO. Western blot analyses(More)
The type-I plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI-1), the primary inhibitor of both tissue-type and urokinase-type plasminogen activators (t-PA, u-PA), is the primary regulator of plasminogen activation and possibly of extracellular proteolysis. In anchorage-dependent cells, the PAI-1 gene is regulated by cell adhesion. PAI-1 gene expression is induced more(More)
Type-I plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI-1) is the primary inhibitor of both tissue- and urokinase-type plasminogen activators (t-PA, u-PA) and is thus a primary regulator of plasminogen activation and possibly of extracellular proteolysis. In anchorage-dependent cells, the PAI-1 gene was regulated by cell adhesion. PAI-1 gene expression was induced more(More)
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