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Corn and peanut oil (total, 253 samples) were collected from 32 households in Fushui county of the Guangxi autonomous region of the People's Republic of China, where high liver cancer incidence has been reported, every day over a period of 1 week and analyzed for aflatoxin B1 (AFB). A total of 252 urine samples were collected simultaneously from the(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-gamma modulates substrate metabolism and inflammatory responses. In experimental rats subjected to myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R), thiazolidinedione PPAR-gamma activators reduce infarct size and preserve left ventricular function. Troglitazone is the only PPAR-gamma activator that has been shown to be(More)
BACKGROUND We designed this randomized, double-blind clinical study to compare the safety and efficacy of 2% and 4% lidocaine during airway topical anesthesia with a spray-as-you-go technique via the fiberoptic bronchoscope. METHODS Fifty-two adult patients with a difficult airway were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 study groups to receive 2% (Group 1) or 4%(More)
AIM The aims of this study were to further evaluate the efficacy and safety of the GlideScope as a device to aid orotracheal intubation, and to further determine whether the GlideScope can provide a better laryngeal view in patients predicted to have a difficult laryngoscopy compared to the Macintosh laryngoscope. METHODS Ninety-one adult patients, ASA(More)
Transferring therapeutic genes into the nociceptive system, including dorsal root ganglia (DRGs) and the spinal cord, is potentially a powerful approach for the treatment of chronic pain in humans. Adeno-associated viral vectors (AAVs) are particularly useful in delivering foreign genes to targeted tissues because they seldom induce immune responses or(More)
Xiamen, located on the southeastern coastal line of China, is undergoing rapid urbanization and industrialization, so its air quality has a trend of degradation. However, studies on level, temporal and spatial changes of fine particles (PM2.5) and their carbonaceous fractions are scarce. In this article, abundance, sources, seasonal and spatial variations,(More)
An intensive sampling program had been undertaken in autumn (October, 2008) and winter (December, 2008 and January, 2009) at urban (Xiamen University and Xianyue residential area), suburban (Institute of Urban Environment), industrial area (Lulian Hotel) and background (Tingxi Reservoir) in Xiamen, Fujian Province, to characterize the atmospheric(More)
BACKGROUND We designed this prospective self-controlled study to assess whether cricoid pressure hampers placement of and ventilation through the ProSeal laryngeal mask airway (ProSeal LMA) in anesthetized, paralyzed adult patients. METHODS After induction of anesthesia, the ProSeal LMA was inserted using the introducer tool with cricoid pressure advanced(More)
Thiazolidinediones exert electrophysiologic effects in noncardiac cells in vitro, but to date there have been no reports of effects on cardiac rhythm. We previously demonstrated that chronic pretreatment with a thiazolidinedione peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-gamma activator, troglitazone, improves recovery of left ventricular (LV)(More)
Rodent studies suggest that peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha (PPAR-alpha) activation reduces myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury and infarct size; however, effects of PPAR-alpha activation in large animal models of myocardial I/R are unknown. We determined whether chronic treatment with the PPAR-alpha activator fenofibrate affects(More)