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The present study was performed to determine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) and its risk factors in obese children and adolescents. The study included 352 obese children and adolescents (body mass index [BMI] ≥ 95th percentile) aged between 2 and 19 years. The diagnosis of MS was made according to the criteria adapted from the World Health(More)
OBJECTIVE The peptide hormones ghrelin and leptin have been found in blood and breast milk. This study was undertaken to investigate whether breast milk also contains obestatin, which is derived from the same gene as ghrelin but has opposite actions, and to characterize the relations among serum and milk ghrelin, obestatin, and leptin levels in lactating(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to examine metabolite changes in different parts of the corpus callosum (CC), and to relate these changes to different age groups using magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS). MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 76 healthy subjects participated in the study with MRS analyses (39 females and 37 males). Subjects were grouped by(More)
It has not yet been shown in prepubertal children how cytokines, leptin, and body mass, as well as parameters of obesity are interrelated. The aim of this study was to explore the relation between circulating levels of some cytokines with leptin and body mass index. A case control study was carried out in obese children of both sexes. An obese group was(More)
Topical therapy with glucocorticoids (GCs) is used commonly in chronic dermatoses. Side effects are less common compared to systemic use; however, newer potent preparations may have serious side effects. A potential danger is their inappropriate use. Three infants who developed iatrogenic Cushing's syndrome and prolonged adrenal suppression in the course of(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM Ghrelin has effects on nutrient intake and growth. The cause of growth retardation in congenital heart disease is multifactorial. The aim of the present study is to investigate the ghrelin in congenital heart disease and the association of ghrelin with TNF-alpha and IL-6. Materials and methods. We measured serum ghrelin, TNF-alpha, and IL-6(More)
Infection-associated hemophagocytic syndrome (IAHS) is a form of the reactive hemophagocytic syndrome. IAHS is associated with viral, bacterial, fungal, mycobacterial, rickettsial and protozoal infections and with various malignant neoplasms. A more accurate designation for this acquired form of the syndrome is reactive hemophagocytic syndrome (HS).(More)
OBJECTIVE This study aimed (a) to investigate the relationship between the degree of obesity and serum adiponectin, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, leptin, insulin levels and the lipid profile; (b) to clarify the relationship between insulin resistance/glucose tolerance and adipocytokine levels; and (c) to investigate the value of adipocytokine levels as a(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the varying degrees of obesity and blood glucocorticoid levels in obese children and adolescents with and without metabolic syndrome features. METHODS We studied 241 obese children and adolescents aged between 2 and 17.6 years; 127 boys and 114 girls. All children underwent an(More)