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2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D)-degrading bacteria were isolated from pristine environments which had no history of 2,4-D exposure. By using 2,4-D dye indicator medium or 14C-labeled 2,4-D medium, six strains were isolated from eight enrichment cultures capable of degrading 2,4-D. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S ribosomal DNA (rDNA) sequencing and(More)
Cellulase induction by beta-glucodisaccharides was investigated by using non-cellulase-induced mycelia of Penicillium purpurogenum P-26, a highly-cellulase-producing fungus. Gentiobiose induced significant amounts of cellulase compared with cellobiose when nojirimycin was added to the induction medium to inhibit extracellular beta-glucosidase activity.(More)
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is involved in the final differentiation of B cells into antibody-producing cells. Recent studies reveal that IL-6 plays an important role in inflammation. Histopathological studies showed that a large number of plasma cells in periodontitis is usually seen in the apical parts of cellular infiltrates beneath the periodontal connective(More)
Toxic shock syndrome toxin-1 (TSST-1) is an exotoxin produced by Staphylococcus aureus isolated from patients with toxic shock syndrome. We investigated the proliferative response of human lymphocytes and their interleukin 2 (IL-2) production after stimulation with TSST-1 in vitro. Human cord blood mononuclear cells (HCBM) and human peripheral blood(More)
Several observations suggest that staphylococcal enterotoxins A, B and C (SEA, SEB and SEC, respectively), in addition to toxic shock syndrome toxin-1 (TSST-1), are causative exotoxins of toxic shock syndrome (TSS). Based on the view that polyclonal T cell activation with the causative exotoxins, resulting in over-production of lymphokines, is involved in(More)
Spleen cells from mice preinjected with high doses of bacterial lipopolysaccharide did not generate anti-trinitrophenyl (TNP) plaque-forming cells in vitro to the T-dependent antigen, TNP-sheep erythrocytes, but did generate fully plaque-forming cells to the T-independent antigens, TNP-Ficoll and TNP-Brucella abortus. The immunological activity of B cells(More)
The mitogenic and interleukin 2 (IL 2) production-inducing effects of toxic shock syndrome toxin-1 (TSST-1) on murine lymphocytes were investigated. TSST-1, an exotoxin produced by Staphylococcus aureus recovered from patients with toxic shock syndrome (TSS), is thought to be a causative agent of the syndrome. TSST-1 was mitogenic for splenic T cells and(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of rapidly progressive periodontitis (RPP) by radiographic evaluation in patient at the department of conservative dentistry, Ohu University hospital during two years from 1987 to 1988. The survey was conducted on 370 patients. The radiographic evaluation was done by the method of Schei. The results(More)
Pathophysiological features were studied on 7 patients with rapidly progressive periodontitis but without any evidence of systemic disease, to analyse the clinical pathogenesis. The patients consisted of 5 females, 2 males, between the ages of 32 and 42 years. All patients had severe and rapid alveolar bone destruction on the basis of radiographic(More)